Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 321, 685-698 (2001/March-2)
Gravitational lens magnification by Abell 1689: distortion of the background galaxy luminosity function.
DYE S., TAYLOR A.N., THOMMES E.M., MEISENHEIMER K., WOLF C. and PEACOCK J.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
Gravitational lensing magnifies the observed flux of galaxies behind the lens. We use this effect to constrain the total mass in the cluster Abell 1689 by comparing the lensed luminosities of background galaxies with the luminosity function of an undistorted field. Under the assumption that these galaxies are a random sample of luminosity space, this method is not limited by clustering noise. We use photometric redshift information to estimate galaxy distance and intrinsic luminosity. Knowing the redshift distribution of the background population allows us to lift the mass/background degeneracy common to lensing analysis. In this paper we use nine filters observed over 12h with the Calar Alto 3.5-m telescope to determine the redshifts of 1000 galaxies in the field of Abell 1689. Using a complete sample of 146 background galaxies we measure the cluster mass profile. We find that the total projected mass interior to 0.25h–1Mpc is M2D(<0.25h–1Mpc)=(0.48±0.16)x1015h–1M☉, where our error budget includes uncertainties from the photometric redshift determination, the uncertainty in the offset calibration and finite sampling. This result is in good agreement with that found by number-count and shear-based methods and provides a new and independent method to determine cluster masses.
2001, Royal Astronomical Society
gravitational lensing - galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 1689 - cosmology: theory - large-scale structure of Universe