Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 324, 156-166 (2001/June-2)
Episodic dust formation by HD 192641 (WR 137) - II.
WILLIAMS P.M., KIDGER M.R., VAN DER HUCHT K.A., MORRIS P.W., TAPIA M., PERINOTTO M., MORBIDELLI L., FITZSIMMONS A., ANTHONY D.M., CALDWELL J.J., ALONSO A. and WILD V.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new infrared photometry of the WC7-type Wolf-Rayet star HD 192641 (WR137) from 1985 to 1999. These data track the cooling of the dust cloud formed in the 1982-84 dust-formation episode from 1985 to 1991, the increase of the infrared flux from 1994.5 to a new dust-formation maximum in 1997 and its subsequent fading. From these and earlier data we derive a period of 4765±50d (13.05±0.15yr) for the dust-formation episodes. Between dust-emission episodes, the infrared spectral energy distribution has the form of a power law, λFλ∝λ–1.86. The rising branch of the infrared light curve (1994-97) differs in form from that of the episodic dust-maker WR125. Time-dependent modelling shows that this difference can be attributed to a different time dependence of dust formation in WR137, which occurred approximately ∝t2 until maximum, whereas that of WR125 could be described by a step function, akin to a threshold effect. For an adopted distance of 1.6kpc, the rate of dust formation was found to be 5.0x10–8M☉.yr–1 at maximum, accounting for a fraction fC~1.5x10–3 of the carbon flowing in the stellar wind. The fading branches of the light curves show evidence for secondary `mini-eruptions' in 1987, 1988 and 1990, behaviour very different from that of the prototypical episodic dust-maker HD 193793 (WR140), and suggesting the presence in the WR137 stellar wind of large-scale structures that are crossed by the wind-wind collision region.
The Royal Astronomical Society
circumstellar matter - stars: individual: WR137 - stars: Wolf-Rayet - infrared: stars
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