Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 381, 65-76 (2002/1-1)
A comprehensive study of the rich open star cluster NGC 2099 based on deep BVI CCD observations.
NILAKSHI and SAGAR R.
Abstract (from CDS):
The CCD observations of the rich open star cluster NGC 2099 and its surrounding field region have been carried out up to a limiting magnitude of V∼22mag in B, V and I passbands for the first time. A total of ∼12000 stars have been observed in the area of about 24'x34' in the cluster region, as well as ∼2180 stars in the ∼12'x12' area of the field region located ∼45' away from the cluster center. The cluster parameters determined by fitting the convective core overshoot isochrones in the V, (B-V) and V, (V-I) diagrams are E(B-V)=0.30±0.04mag, distance = 1360±100pc, age = 400Myr and metallicity Z = 0.008. A well-defined cluster main sequence spread over about 8mag in range is observed for the first time. Its intrinsic spread amounting to ∼0.06mag in colour is almost the same over the entire brightness and can be understood in terms of the presence of physical/optical binaries. The core and cluster radii determined from the radial stellar density profiles are 185" and 1000" respectively. Only about 22% of cluster members are present in the core region. The effects of mass segregation, most probably due to dynamical evolution, have been observed in the cluster. The mass function slope of the entire cluster is ~-0.67±0.12. It becomes closer to the Salpeter value of -1.35, if flattening in the cluster mass function due to presence of both binaries and a much more extended corona is considered.
open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2099 - stars: HR diagram - evolution - formation
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/381/65): table4.dat>
Table 4: Cl* NGC 2099 NSC NNNNN N=11924 among (Nos 1 to 6727 and 10001 to 21201), Cl* NGC 2099 NSF NNNNN (Nos 1-2179).
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