Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 385, 995-1007 (2002/4-3)
Element abundances in cool white dwarfs. II. Ultraviolet observations of DZ white dwarfs.
WOLFF B., KOESTER D. and LIEBERT J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a small data base of homogeneously derived photospheric element abundances of DZ white dwarfs and related objects. Our previous investigations are supplemented with the analysis of ultraviolet spectra for nine white dwarfs. Of particular interest is the detection of Lα absorption in van Maanen 2 and a determination of the effective temperature of this star. The new value is about 1000K lower than previous results due to the strong ultraviolet absorption by metals which has to be considered consistently. The metal abundances of our sample stars are compatible with the predictions from the two-phase accretion model of Dupuis et al. (1992ApJS...82..505D, 1993ApJS...84...73D, 1993ApJS...87..345D). Small deviations can be observed for the abundance ratios in some objects. This could indicate non-solar metal-to-metal ratios in the accreted material. Hydrogen can be detected in virtually all of our objects. However, its average accretion rate must be at least two orders of magnitude lower than the metal accretion rate.