VAN DER TAK F.F.S., SCHILKE P., MUELLER H.S.P., LIS D.C., PHILLIPS T.G., GERIN M. and ROUEFF E.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Caltech Submillimeter Observatory has detected triply deuterated ammonia, ND3, through its JK=10a-00s transition near 310GHz. Emission is found in the NGC 1333 region, both towards IRAS 4A and a position to the South-East where DCO+ peaks. In both cases, the hyperfine ratio indicates that the emission is optically thin. Column densities of ND3 are 3-6x1011cm–2 for Tex=10K and twice as high for Tex=5K. Using a Monte Carlo radiative transfer code and a model of the structure of the IRAS source with temperature and density gradients, the estimated ND3 abundance is 3.2x10–12 if ND3/H2 is constant throughout the envelope. In the more likely case that ND3/H2D+ is constant, ND3/H2 peaks in the cold outer parts of the source at a value of 1.0x10–11. To reproduce the observed NH3/ND3 abundance ratio of ∼1000, grain surface chemistry requires an atomic D/H ratio of ≃0.15 in the gas phase, >10 times higher than in recent chemical models. More likely, the deuteration of NH3 occurs by ion-molecule reactions in the gas phase, in which case the data indicate that deuteron transfer reactions are much faster than proton transfers.