Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 393, 461-483 (2002/10-2)
The blue compact dwarf galaxy I Zw 18: A comparative study of its low-surface-brightness component.
PAPADEROS P., IZOTOV Y.I., THUAN T.X., NOESKE K.G., FRICKE K.J., GUSEVA N.G. and GREEN R.F.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using HST and ground-based optical and NIR imaging data, we investigate whether the blue compact dwarf (BCD) galaxy I Zw 18 possesses an extended low-surface-brightness (LSB) old stellar population underlying its star-forming regions, as is the case in the majority of BCDs. This question is central to the long-standing debate on the evolutionary state of I Zw 18. We show that the exponential intensity decrease observed in the filamentary LSB envelope of the BCD out to >18" (>1.3kpc assuming a distance of 15Mpc) is not due to an evolved stellar disc underlying its star-forming regions, but rather, due to extended ionized gas emission. Ionized gas accounts for more than 80% of the line-of-sight emission at a galactocentric distance of ∼0.65kpc (∼3 effective radii), and for >30% to 50% of the R light of the main body of I Zw 18. Broad-band images reveal, after subtraction of nebular line emission, a relatively smooth stellar host extending slightly beyond the star-forming regions. This unresolved stellar component, though very compact, is not exceptional for intrinsically faint dwarfs with respect to its structural properties. However, being blue over a radius range of ∼5 exponential scale lengths and showing little colour contrast to the star-forming regions, it differs strikingly from the red LSB host of standard BCDs. This fact, together with the comparably blue colours of the faint C component, ∼1.6kpc away from the main body of I Zw 18, suggests that the formation of I Zw 18 as a whole has occurred within the last 0.5Gyr, making it a young BCD candidate. Furthermore, we show that the ionized envelope of I Zw 18 is not exceptional among star-forming dwarf galaxies, neither by its exponential intensity fall-off nor by its scale length. However, contrary to evolved BCDs, the stellar LSB component of I Zw 18 is much more compact than the ionized gas envelope. In the absence of an appreciable underlying stellar population, extended ionized gas emission dominates in the outer parts of I Zw 18, mimicking an exponential stellar disc on optical surface brightness profiles.
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: formation - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: structure - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: individual (I Zw 18, II Zw 70, III Zw 102, VII Zw 403, Tol 3, Henize 2-10, IC 4662, Mkn 36, Mkn 71, Mkn 178, Mkn 314, Mkn 324, Mkn 600, NGC 1705, NGC 1800, NGC 5253)
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