Astron. J., 123, 2223-2245 (2002/May-0)
SPICES II: optical and near-infrared identifications of faint X-ray sources from deep Chandra observations of Lynx.
STERN D., TOZZI P., STANFORD S.A., ROSATI P., HOLDEN B., EISENHARDT P., ELSTON R., WU K.L., CONNOLLY A., SPINRAD H., DAWSON S., DEY A. and CHAFFEE F.H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present our first results on field X-ray sources detected in a deep, 184.7 ks observation with the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS-I) on the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. The observations target the Lynx field (α=08h48m, δ=+44°54') of SPICES, the Spectroscopic Photometric Infrared-Chosen Extragalactic Survey, which contains three known X-ray-emitting clusters at redshifts of z=0.57, 1.26, and 1.27. Not including the known clusters, in the 17'x17' ACIS-I field we detect 132 sources in the 0.5-2 keV (soft) X-ray band down to a limiting flux of ~1.7x10–16 ergs.cm–2.s–1 and 111 sources in the 2-10 keV (hard) X-ray band down to a limiting flux of ~1.3x10–15 ergs.cm–2.s–1. The combined catalog contains a total of 153 sources, of which 42 are detected only in the soft band and 21 are detected only in the hard band. Confirming previous Chandra results, we find that the fainter sources have harder X-ray spectra, providing a consistent solution to the long-standing ``spectral paradox.'' From deep optical and near-infrared follow-up data, 77% of the X-ray sources have optical counterparts to I=24, and 71% of the X-ray sources have near-infrared counterparts to Ks=20. Four of the 24 sources in the near-IR field are associated with extremely red objects (EROs; I-K_s_≥4). We have obtained spectroscopic redshifts with the Keck telescopes of 18 of the Lynx Chandra sources. These sources comprise a mix of broad-lined active galaxies, apparently normal galaxies, and two late-type Galactic dwarfs. Intriguingly, one Galactic source is identified with an M7 dwarf exhibiting nontransient, hard X-ray emission. Thirteen of the Chandra sources are located within regions for which we have Hubble Space Telescope imaging. Nine of the sources are detected, showing a range of morphologies: several show compact cores embedded within diffuse emission, while others are spatially extended showing typical galaxy morphologies. Two of the Chandra sources in this subsample appear to be associated with mergers. We briefly review non-active galactic nucleus mechanisms to produce X-ray emission and discuss properties of the Lynx Chandra sample in relation to other samples of X-ray and non-X-ray sources.
Cosmology: Observations - Cosmology: Diffuse Radiation- - Galaxies: Active - Surveys - X-Rays
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/123/2223): table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat>
Table 1: [STS2002] NNN N=153 among (Nos 1-213).
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