The accretion rates and spectral energy distributions of BL Lacertae objects.
WANG J.-M., STAUBERT R. and HO L.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We investigate the relationship between accretion rates and the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of BL Lac objects using a sample of objects for which published information on the host galaxies, emission-line luminosities, and peak frequencies and luminosities of their SEDs are available. The sample is composed of 43 BL Lac objects that have a relatively continuous distribution of peak frequencies. Under the assumption that the observed emission lines are photoionized by the central accretion disk, we use the line luminosities to estimate the accretion luminosities and hence accretion rates. We find that low-frequency-peaked BL Lac objects (LBLs) span a wide range of accretion rates, whereas high-frequency-peaked BL Lac objects (HBLs) cover a more restricted range of lower values. There appears to be a continuous distribution of accretion rates between the two subclasses of BL Lac objects. We find that the peak frequency of the SED, νpk, correlates with the accretion rate, approximately with the form νpk∝Λ–3 in HBLs and νpk∝Λ–0.25 in LBLs, where Λ≡Llines/c2. The peak luminosity of the SED is also correlated with Λ. These results suggest that the accretion rate influences the shape of the SED in BL Lac objects. They also support models that couple the jet and the accretion disk. We present a physical scenario to account for the empirical trends.
Accretion, Accretion Disks - Black Hole Physics - Galaxies: BL Lacertae Objects: General - Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Jets - Galaxies: Nuclei
table 1 : Objects with ref. 1 are coming from 2000AJ.120.1626R (objects 1E), others are QSO