Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 329, 257-276 (2002/January-2)
The initial conditions of isolated star formation - V. ISOPHOT imaging and the temperature and energy balance of pre-stellar cores.
WARD-THOMPSON D., ANDRE P. and KIRK J.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
ISO data taken with the long-wavelength imaging photo-polarimeter ISOPHOT are presented of 18 pre-stellar cores at three far-infrared wavelengths, 90, 170 and 200µm. Most of the cores are detected clearly at 170 and 200µm, but only one is detected strongly at 90µm, indicating that mostly they are very cold, with typical temperatures of only ∼ 10-20 K. Colour temperature images are constructed for each of the cores. Most of the cores are seen either to be isothermal, or to have associated temperature gradients from the core centres to their edges, with all except one being cooler at the centre. We compare the data with previous ISOCAM absorption data, and calculate the energy balance for those cores in common between the two samples. We find that the energy radiated by each core in the far-infrared is similar to that absorbed at shorter wavelengths. Hence there is no evidence for a central heating source in any of the cores - even those for which previous evidence for core contraction exists. This is all consistent with external heating of the cores by the local interstellar radiation field, confirming their pre-stellar nature.
The Royal Astronomical Society