New Astronomy, 7, 495-510 (2002/November-0)
On the behavior of the CII 4267.261, 6578.052 and 6582.882 A lines in chemically peculiar and standard stars.
CATANZARO G. and LEONE F.
Abstract (from CDS):
With the aim of investigating the possible particular behavior of carbon in a sample of chemically peculiar stars of the main sequence without turning to modeling, we performed spectroscopic observations of three important and usually prominent single ionized carbon lines: 4267.261, 6578.052 and 6582.882 Ao. In addition, we observed a large number of standard stars in order to define a kind of normality strip, useful for comparing the observed trend for the peculiar stars. We paid particular attention to the problem of the determination of fundamental atmospheric parameters, especially for the chemically peculiar stars for which the abundance anomalies change the flux distribution in such a way that the classical photometric methods to infer effective temperatures and gravities parameter cannot be applied. Regarding CP stars, we found a normal carbon abundance in Hg-Mn, Si (with some exceptions) and He strong stars. He weak stars are normal too, but with a large spread outo! f the data around the mean value. A more complicated behavior has been noted in the group of SrCrEu stars: four out of seven show a strong overabundance, being the others normal.