Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 397, 675-691 (2003/1-2)
A spectro-astrometric study of southern pre-main sequence stars. Binaries, outflows, and disc structure down to AU scales.
TAKAMI M., BAILEY J. and CHRYSOSTOMOU A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present spectro-astrometric observations for 28 southern pre-main sequence (PMS) stars and investigate their circumstellar environment down to AU scales. The structures detected in the ``position spectra'' include: (1) almost all the known binary companions in our sample (Sz 68, Sz 41, HO Lup, VW Cha, S CrA, AS 205), (2) companion candidates which have not been detected by infrared speckle techniques (T CrA, MWC 300), (3) monopolar and bipolar jets (AS 353A, CS Cha), (4) a combination of jets and a bow shock (VV CrA), and (5) a combination of a jet and stellar companion (R CrA).
Result. in known binaries show that this technique is capable of detecting binaries with separations down to ∼10 milliarcsec. Both components in each binary appear to have strikingly similar profiles in Hα emission, indicating a similarity of circumstellar activity (mass accretion and/or a wind), and supporting the scenario of core fragmentation for the mechanism of binary formation. The bipolar Hα jet in CS Cha has a spatial scale of ∼1.5AU, similar to that previously observed in RU Lup, and likely be heated by a mechanism other than shocks. From the spatial scale, velocity, and Hα luminosity, we estimate the mean hydrogen density in the AU-scale bipolar flows to be >107cm–3. The bipolar geometry in these jets can be explained by the presence of a disc gap/hole at AU scales, which could be induced by a gas-giant planet at the ice condensation radius.
accretion, accretion discs - line: formation - line: profiles - stars: activity - stars: evolution - stars: pre-main-sequence
erratum vol. 401, p. 655 (2003)
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