Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 398, L1-4 (2003/1-4)
Planets in habitable zones: A study of the binary Gamma Cephei.
DVORAK R., PILAT-LOHINGER E., FUNK B. and FREISTETTER F.
Abstract (from CDS):
The recently discovered planetary system in the binary γ Cep was studied concerning its dynamical evolution. We confirm that the orbital parameters found by the observers are in a stable configuration. The primary aim of this study was to find stable planetary orbits in a habitable region in this system, which consists of a double star (a=21.36AU) and a relatively close (a=2.15AU) massive (1.7mjupsini) planet. We did straightforward numerical integrations of the equations of motion in different dynamical models and determined the stability regions for a fictitious massless planet in the interval of the semimajor axis 0.5AU<a<1.85AU around the more massive primary. To confirm the results we used the Fast Lyapunov Indicators (FLI) in separate computations, which are a common tool for determining the chaoticity of an orbit. Both results are in good agreement and unveiled a small island of stable motions close to 1 AU up to an inclination of about 15° (which corresponds to the 3:1 mean motion resonance between the two planets). Additionally we computed the orbits of earthlike planets (up to 90 earthmasses) in the small stable island and found out, that there exists a small window of stable orbits on the inner edge of the habitable zone in γ Cep even for massive planets.
stars: individual: γ Cep - stars: planetary systems - habitable zones