Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 405, 271-283 (2003/7-1)
IRAS 08544-4431: A new post-AGB star in a binary system surrounded by a dusty disc.
MAAS T., VAN WINCKEL H., LLOYD EVANS T., NYMAN L.-A., KILKENNY D., MARTINEZ P., MARANG F. and VAN WYK F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present an analysis of our extensive data-set on IRAS 08544-4431. It is the first object we discuss of our newly defined sample of stars, selected for their position in the ``RVTauri'' box in the IRAS -, - two-color diagram. Moreover, our selection criteria included an observed excess in the L-band, indicative of a dusty disc. The SED of IRAS 08544-4431 shows a broad IR excess starting already at H. Our optical photometric data reveal some evidence for deep and shallow minima in the light curve and a pulsation time-scale of around 100 days with a small amplitude (ΔVpeak-to-peak=0.17mag). Our CORALIE radial velocity measurements show that IRAS 08544-4431 is a binary system with a period of 499 ±3 days and a mass function of 0.02M☉. Moreover, IRAS 08544-4431 is detected in both the CO (2-1) and (1-0) mm-wave emission lines. The triangular shape of the weak CO profile confirms that part of the circumstellar material is not freely expanding but resides probably in a dusty circumbinary disc. Our chemical abundance analysis of a high resolution spectrum of high S/N reveals that a depletion process has modified the photospheric abundances to a moderate extent ([Zn/Fe]=+0.4). All these findings confirm that the F-type IRAS 08544-4431 is another good example of a binary Post-AGB star surrounded by a dusty disc. The Hα P-Cygni profile shows ongoing mass-loss with a very high outflow velocity, the origin of which is not understood. The strength and velocity of the Hα-absorption are modulated with the orbital motion; the maxima of both quantities (∼400km/s, 5Å respectively) occur at superior conjunction.