Astron. J., 125, 875-893 (2003/February-0)
Stellar archaeology: a Keck pilot program on extremely metal-poor stars from the Hamburg/ESO survey. III. The lead (Pb) star HE 0024-2523.
LUCATELLO S., GRATTON R., COHEN J.G., BEERS T.C., CHRISTLIEB N., CARRETTA E. and RAMIREZ S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a detailed abundance analysis, including spectral syntheses, of a very metal-poor ([Fe/H]≃-2.7) peculiar main-sequence star (HE 0024-2523) detected during the course of the Keck Pilot Program. Radial velocities of this star were obtained during four different observing runs over a time span of 1.1 yr and demonstrate that it is clearly a short-period spectroscopic binary. An orbital solution was obtained, and orbital parameters were determined with high precision. The rotational velocity was also measured (vrotsini=9.7±1.5 km/s); rotation appears likely to be synchronous with the orbit. The abundance analysis and spectral syntheses indicate that the object is a CH star characterized by extreme s-process enrichment, likely due to mass accretion from an evolved companion that has now probably become a white dwarf. The lead (Pb) abundance of (HE 0024-2523) is very high, the same as that of the recently discovered lead-rich, metal-poor star CS 29526-110, [Pb/Fe]=+3.3. The abundance ratio of the heavy to light s-elements, as characterized by Pb and Ba, [Pb/Ba]=+1.9, is the highest yet found for any metal-poor star and is about 0.7 dex higher than that of CS 29526-110. On the basis of the measured isotopic ratio of carbon (C12/C13∼6) we argue that the mass donor must have had an original mass of at least ∼3 M☉. The unusually short period of this CH star suggests that it underwent a past common-envelope phase with its evolved companion. Our results are compared with the latest available models for asymptotic giant branch yields and s-process nucleosynthesis. We also discuss the possible connection between HE 0024-2523, the lithium depletion of halo stars, and halo blue straggler formation.
Stars: Binaries: Spectroscopic - Stars: AGB and Post-AGB - Stars: Carbon - Stars: Chemically Peculiar
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