Completeness of USNO-B for high proper motion stars.
Abstract (from CDS):
I test the completeness of USNO-B detections of high proper motion (µ>180 mas/yr) stars and the accuracy of its measurements by comparing them to the revised New Luyten Two-Tenths catalog of Salim & Gould. For 14.5<V<18.5, only 6% of such stars are missing from USNO-B, while another 3% have large errors, mostly too large to be useful. Including both classes, incompleteness is 9%. These fractions rise toward both brighter and fainter magnitudes. Incompleteness rises with proper motion to ∼30% at µ=1" yr–1. It also rises to ∼35% at the Galactic plane, although this is only determined for relatively bright stars V≲14. For binaries, incompleteness rises from 9% at separations of 30" to 47% at 10". The proper-motion errors reported internally by USNO-B are generally correct. However, there is floor of σµ∼4 mas/yr below which the reported errors should not be taken at face value. The small number of stars with relatively large reported errors (σµ≳20 mas/yr) may actually have still larger errors than tabulated.