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2003ApJ...591.1034M - Astrophys. J., 591, 1034-1048 (2003/July-2)

Infrared photometry of starless dense cores.


Abstract (from CDS):

Deep JHKsphotometry was obtained toward eight dense molecular cores, and J-H versus H-Kscolor-color plots are presented. Our photometry, sensitive to the detection of a 1 M, 1x106 yr old star through ~35-50 mag of visual extinction, shows no indication of the presence of star/disk systems based on J-H versus H-K_s_colors of detected objects. The stars detected toward the cores are generally spatially anticorrelated with core centers, suggesting a background origin, although we cannot preclude the possibility that some stars detected at H and Ksalone or at Ksalone are not low-mass stars or brown dwarfs (<0.3 M) behind substantial amounts of visual extinction (e.g., 53 mag for L183B). Lower limits to optical extinctions are estimated for the detected background stars, with high extinctions being encountered, in the extreme case ranging up to at least AV=46, and probably higher. The extinction data are used to estimate cloud masses and densities that are comparable to those determined from molecular-line studies. Variations in cloud extinctions are consistent with a systematic nature to cloud density distributions, and column density variations and extinctions are found to be consistent with submillimeter-wave continuum studies of similar regions. The results suggest that some cores have achieved significant column density contrasts (∼30) on subcore scales (∼0.05 pc) without having formed known stars.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: Dust, Extinction - ISM: Clouds - ISM: Globules - Stars: Formation

Nomenclature: Table 3: [MM2003] LDN 1709A NN (Nos 1-39). Table 4: [MM2003] LDN 1582A NN (Nos 1-17). Table 5: [MM2003] LDN 158 N (Nos 1-8). Table 6: [MM2003] TMC 1 NN (Nos 1-11). Table 7: [MM2003] LDN 1696B NN (Nos 1-12). Table 8: [MM2003] LDN 134A N (Nos 1-3). Table 9: [MM2003] TMC 2 N (Nos 1-7). Table 10: [MM2003] LDN 183B N (Nos 1-3).

Simbad objects: 13

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