Astrophys. J., 593, 630-639 (2003/August-3)
Luminous Lyman break galaxies at z>5 and the source of reionization.
LEHNERT M.D. and BREMER M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have discovered six galaxies with spectroscopically confirmed redshifts of 4.8<z<5.8 in a single 44 arcmin2 field deeply imaged in R, I, and z bands. All the spectra show an emission line in the region around 7000-8400 Å with a spectroscopically detected faint continuum break across the line. These six were drawn from 13 sources with IAB<26.2 and RAB-IAB>1.5 in the field; this photometric cut is designed to select galaxies at z>4.8. The line fluxes range between 0.2 and 2.5x10–17 ergs.cm–2.s–1, indicating luminosities of around 1042-1043 ergs.s–1 for Lyα, and their high emission line equivalent widths suggest very young ages (≲108 yr). A further line-emitting object with no detectable continuum was serendipitously detected by spectroscopy. If this line is Lyα, then it is from a source at z=6.6, making this the most distant galaxy known. However, the redshift cannot be considered secure as it is based on a single line. No broad emission line objects (quasars) were detected. The 13 sources at IAB<26.2 are less than that expected if the luminosity function of dropout galaxies remained unchanged between z=3 and 6, although the deficit is not highly significant given possible cosmic variance. The UV luminosity density from galaxies brighter than our flux limit is considerably less than that necessary to keep the volume probed by our field at z∼5.3 ionized. These galaxies are observed within several hundred megayears of the end of the epoch of reionization (z=6-7), with little time for the luminosity function to evolve. This and the lack of detected quasars imply that the bulk of the UV flux that reionized the universe came from faint galaxies with MAB(1700Å)>-21.
Cosmology: Observations - Cosmology: Early Universe - Galaxies: Distances and Redshifts - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Formation
Tables 1, 2: [LB2003] BDF 1 NNa N=9 among (Nos 5-26, 19a), [LB2003] BDF 2 NNa N=8 among (Nos 5-19, 32a, 32b).
Status in Simbad:
will not be processed
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2003ApJ...593..630L and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu