MORRISON H.L., HARDING P., HURLEY-KELLER D. and JACOBY G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the detection of a new satellite of M31, projected close to M32. Andromeda VIII is tidally distorted, with length ∼10 kpc and width a few kiloparsecs. It contains 5-12 planetary nebulae and 1-3 globular clusters and has a velocity of -204 km/s with respect to M31, some 350 km/s away from M32's velocity. There are also ∼4x105M☉of H I, well-separated from the disk, at the same position and velocity. The satellite has luminosity of 1.2-2.4x108L☉and a central surface brightness of the order of µV=24. Both these values are typical of Local Group dwarf galaxies. Its surface brightness is some 6 mag brighter than any of the stellar streams found in the Milky Way or M31. The three associated globular clusters have reddening consistent with foreground reddening from the Milky Way only, making it likely that the satellite is in front of M31, unlike the giant tidal stream of Ibata et al., which is behind M31 in the southeast quadrant. However, the major axis of And VIII is aligned with the western edge of this giant stream, and we suggest that its unusual fan shape is caused by superposition of two streams, the westernmost of which was tidally stripped from And VIII.
Galaxies: Dwarf - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Local Group