Automatic detection of expanding H I shells using artificial neural networks.
DAIGLE A., JONCAS G., PARIZEAU M. and MIVILLE-DESCHENES M.-A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The identification of expanding H I shells is difficult because of their variable morphological characteristics. The detection of H I bubbles on a global scale has therefore never been attempted. In this paper, an automatic detector for expanding H I shells is presented. The detection is based on the more stable dynamical characteristics of expanding shells and is performed in two stages. The first one is the recognition of the dynamical signature of an expanding bubble in the velocity spectra, based on the classification of an artificial neural network. The pixels associated with these recognized spectra are identified on each velocity channel. The second stage consists of looking for concentrations of those pixels that were first pointed out and deciding if they are potential detections by morphological and 21 cm emission variation considerations. Two test bubbles are correctly detected, and a potentially new case of a shell that is visually very convincing is discovered. About 0.6% of the surveyed pixels are identified as part of a bubble. These may be false detections but still constitute regions of space with high probability of finding an expanding shell. The subsequent search field is thus significantly reduced. In the near future, we intend to conduct a large-scale H I shell detection over the Perseus arm using our detector.
ISM: Bubbles - radio lines: ISM - Techniques: Image Processing