Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 415, 531-547 (2004/2-4)
The effect of metallicity on the Cepheid Period-Luminosity relation from a Baade-Wesselink analysis of Cepheids in the Galaxy and in the Small Magellanic Cloud.
STORM J., CARNEY B.W., GIEREN W.P., FOUQUE P., LATHAM D.W. and FRY A.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have applied the near-IR Barnes-Evans realization of the Baade-Wesselink method as calibrated by Fouque & Gieren (1997A&A...320..799F
) to five metal-poor Cepheids with periods between 13 and 17 days in the Small Magellanic Cloud as well as to a sample of 34 Galactic Cepheids to determine the effect of metallicity on the period-luminosity (P-L) relation. For ten of the Galactic Cepheids we present new accurate and well sampled radial-velocity curves. The Baade-Wesselink analysis provides accurate individual distances and luminosities for the Cepheids in the two samples, allowing us to constrain directly, in a purely differential way, the metallicity effect on the Cepheid P-L relation. For the Galactic Cepheids we provide a new set of P-L relations which have zero-points in excellent agreement with astrometric and interferometric determinations. These relations can be used directly for the determination of distances to solar-metallicity samples of Cepheids in distant galaxies, circumventing any corrections for metallicity effects on the zero-point and slope of the P-L relation. We find evidence for both such metallicity effects in our data. Comparing our two samples of Cepheids at a mean period of about 15 days, we find a weak effect of metallicity on the luminosity similar to that adopted by the HST Key Project on the Extragalactic Distance Scale. The effect is smaller for the V band, where we find ΔMV
/Δ[Fe/H]=-0.21±0.19, and larger for the Wesenheit index W, where we find ΔMW
/Δ[Fe/H]=-0.29±0.19. For the I and K bands we find ΔMI
/Δ[Fe/H]=-0.23±0.19 and ΔMK
/Δ[Fe/H]=-0.21±0.19, respectively. The error estimates are 1 σ statistical errors. It seems now well established that metal-poor Cepheids with periods longer than about 10 days are intrinsically fainter in all these bands than their metal-rich counterparts of identical period. Correcting the LMC distance estimate of Fouque et al. (2003, Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer Verlag), 635, 21) for this metallicity effect leads to a revised LMC distance modulus of (m-M)0
=18.48±0.07, which is also in excellent agreement with the value of (m-M)0
=18.50±0.10 adopted by the Key Project. From our SMC Cepheid distances we determine the SMC
distance to be 18.88±0.13mag irrespective of metallicity.
stars: distances - stars: fundamental parameters - Cepheids - Magellanic Clouds - distance scale
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/415/531): stars.dat tables A2 .. A11>
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