Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 420, 911-919 (2004/6-4)
The initial helium abundance of the Galactic globular cluster system.
SALARIS M., RIELLO M., CASSISI S. and PIOTTO G.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this paper we estimate the initial He content in about 30% of the Galactic globular clusters (GGCs) from new star counts we have performed on the recently published HST snapshot database of Colour Magnitude Diagrams (Piotto et al., 2002A&A...391..945P
). More specifically, we use the so-called R-parameter and estimate the He content from a theoretical calibration based on a recently updated set of stellar evolution models. We performed an accurate statistical analysis in order to assess whether GGCs show a statistically significant spread in their initial He abundances, and whether there is a correlation with the cluster metallicity. As in previous works on the subject, we do not find any significant dependence of the He abundance on the cluster metallicity; this provides an important constraint for models of Galaxy formation and evolution. Apart from GGCs with the bluest Horizontal Branch morphology, the observed spread in the individual helium abundances is statistically compatible with the individual errors. This means that either there is no intrinsic abundance spread among the GGCs, or that this is masked by the errors. In the latter case we have estimated a firm 1σ upper limit of 0.019 to the possible intrinsic spread. In case of the GGCs with the bluest Horizontal Branch morphology we detect a significant spread towards higher abundances inconsistent with the individual errors; this can be fully explained by additional effects not accounted for in our theoretical calibrations, which do not affect the abundances estimated for the clusters with redder Horizontal Branch morphology. In the hypothesis that the intrinsic dispersion on the individual He abundances is zero, taking into account the errors on the individual R-parameter estimates, as well as the uncertainties on the cluster metallicity scale and theoretical calibration, we have determined an initial He abundance mass fraction YGGC
=0.250±0.006. This value is in perfect agreement with current estimates based on Cosmic Microwave Background radiation analyses and cosmological nucleosynthesis computations.
Galaxy: globular clusters: general - Galaxy: evolution - stars: evolution - stars: Population II
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