Exploring narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies through the physical properties of their hosts.
BOTTE V., CIROI S., RAFANELLI P. and DI MILLE F.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this work we address the still open question of the nature of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s): are they really active nuclei with lower mass black holes (BHs) than Seyfert 1 galaxies (S1s) and quasars? Our approach is based on the recently discovered physical connections between nuclear supermassive BHs and their hosting spheroids (spiral bulges or elliptical galaxies). In particular, we compare BH masses of NLS1s and S1s, analyzing the properties of their hosts by means of spectroscopic and photometric data in the optical wavelength domain. We find that NLS1s fill the low BH mass and bulge luminosity values of the MBH-MBrelation, a result strongly suggesting that NLS1s are active nuclei in which less massive BHs are hosted by less massive bulges. The correlation is good, with a relatively small scatter fitting simultaneously NLS1s, S1s, and quasars. On the other hand, NLS1s seem to share the same stellar velocity dispersion range as S1s in the MBH-σ*relation, indicating that NLS1s have a smaller BH/bulge mass ratio than S1s. These two conflicting results support in any case the idea that NLS1s could be young S1s. Finally, we do not confirm the significantly nonlinear BH-bulge relation claimed by some authors.
Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Bulges - Galaxies: Nuclei - Galaxies: Seyfert - Galaxies: Quasars: General