Astrophys. J., 601, 864-884 (2004/February-1)
Galactic evolution of Sr, Y, and Zr: a multiplicity of nucleosynthetic processes.
TRAVAGLIO C., GALLINO R., ARNONE E., COWAN J., JORDAN F. and SNEDEN C.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this paper we follow the Galactic enrichment of three easily observed light n-capture elements: Sr, Y, and Zr. Input stellar yields have been first separated into their respective main and weak s-process components and r-process component. The s-process yields from asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars of low to intermediate mass are computed, exploring a wide range of efficiencies of the major neutron source, 13C, and covering both disk and halo metallicities. AGB stars have been shown to reproduce the main s-component in the solar system, i.e., the s-process isotopic distribution of all heavy isotopes with atomic mass number A>90, with a minor contribution to the light s-process isotopes up to A∼90. The concurrent weak s-process, which accounts for the major fraction of the light s-process isotopes in the solar system and occurs in massive stars by the operation of the 22Ne neutron source, is discussed in detail. Neither the main s- nor the weak s-components are shown to contribute significantly to the neutron-capture element abundances observed in unevolved halo stars. Knowing the s-process distribution at the epoch of the solar system formation, we first employed the r-process residuals method to infer the isotopic distribution of the r-process. We assumed a primary r-process production in the Galaxy from moderately massive Type II supernovae that best reproduces the observational Galactic trend of metallicity versus Eu, an almost pure r-process element. We present a detailed analysis of a large published database of spectroscopic observations of Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, and Eu for Galactic stars at various metallicities, showing that the observed trends versus metallicity can be understood in light of a multiplicity of stellar neutron-capture components. Spectroscopic observations of the Sr, Y, and Zr to Ba and Eu abundance ratios versus metallicity provide useful diagnostics of the types of neutron-capture processes forming Sr, Y, and Zr. In particular, the observed [Sr, Y, Zr/Ba, Eu] ratio is clearly not flat at low metallicities, as we would expect if Ba, Eu and Sr, Y, Zr all had the same r-process nucleosynthetic origin. We discuss our chemical evolution predictions, taking into account the interplay between different processes to produce Sr-Y-Zr. Making use of the very r-process-rich and very metal-poor stars like CS 22892-052 and CS 31082-001, we find hints and discuss the possibility of a primary process in low-metallicity massive stars, different from the ``classical s-process'' and from the ``classical r-process'' that we tentatively define LEPP (lighter element primary process). This allows us to revise the estimates of the r-process contributions to the solar Sr, Y, and Zr abundances, as well as of the contribution to the s-only isotopes 86Sr, 87Sr, and 96Mo.
Galaxy: Abundances - Galaxy: Evolution - Nuclear Reactions, Nucleosynthesis, Abundances - Stars: Abundances - Stars: AGB and Post-AGB
Parag. 4 : BD -12 582 is a misprint for BD -1 2582, star Fornax 21 = [MOW91] 21, star Ursa Minor K = [V67] K
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