Astrophys. J., 602, 123-134 (2004/February-2)
Breaking all the rules: the compact symmetric object 0402+379.
MANESS H.L., TAYLOR G.B., ZAVALA R.T., PECK A.B. and POLLACK L.K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present results of multifrequency Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations of the compact symmetric object (CSO) 0402+379. The parsec-scale morphology of 0402+379 allows us to confirm it as a CSO, while VLA data clearly show the presence of kiloparsec-scale structure. Thus, 0402+379 is only the second known CSO to possess large-scale structure. Another puzzling morphological characteristic found from our observations is the presence of two central, compact, flat-spectrum components, which we identify as possible active nuclei. We also present the discovery of neutral hydrogen absorption along the southern hot spot of 0402+379 with a central velocity ∼1000 km/s greater than the systemic velocity. Multiepoch observations from the VLA archive, the Caltech-Jodrell Bank Survey, and the VLBA Calibrator Survey allow us to further analyze these anomalous features.
Result. of this analysis reveal significant motion in the northern hot spot, as well as appreciable variability in both of the core candidates. We consider the possibility that 0402+379 was formed during a recent merger. In this case, the two candidate cores could be interpreted as binary supermassive black holes that have not yet coalesced, whereas the large-scale radio emission could be attributed to interactions directly linked to the merger or to previous activity associated with one of the cores.
Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Individual: Alphanumeric: 0402+379 - Radio Continuum: Galaxies - Radio Lines: Galaxies
Fig.1, Tables 2, 3: [MTZ2004] 0402+379 WN (Nos C1-C2, S1-S4, N1-N2).
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