Astrophys. J., 616, 301-318 (2004/November-3)
High-velocity gas toward hot molecular cores: evidence for collimated outflows from embedded sources.
GIBB A.G., WYROWSKI F. and MUNDY L.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present observations made with the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association millimeter array of the H2S 2(2,0)⟶2(1,1) and C18O 2⟶1 transitions toward a sample of four hot molecular cores associated with ultracompact H II regions: G9.62+0.19, G10.47+0.03, G29.96-0.02, and G31.41+0.31. The angular resolution varies from 1".5 to 2".4, corresponding to scales of ∼0.06 pc at the distance of these sources. High-velocity wings characteristic of molecular outflows are detected toward all four sources in the H2S line. In two cases (G29.96 and G31.41) red- and blueshifted lobes are clearly defined and spatially separate, indicating that the flows are collimated. We also confirm the previous detection of the outflow in G9.62F. Although the gas-phase H2S abundance is not well constrained, assuming a value of 10–7 yields lower limits to total outflow masses of ∼8 M☉, values that are consistent with the driving sources being massive protostars. Linear velocity gradients are detected in both C18O and H2S across G9.62, G29.96, and, to a lesser extent, G31.41. These gradients are observed to be at a different position angle to the outflow in G9.62F and G29.96, suggestive of a rotation signature in these two hot cores. Our observations show that these hot cores contain embedded massive protostellar objects that are driving bipolar outflows. Furthermore, the lack of strong centimeter-wave emission toward the outflow centers in G29.96 and G31.41 indicates that the outflow phase begins prior to the formation of a detectable ultracompact H II region.
ISM: H II Regions - ISM: Molecules - Radio Lines: ISM - Stars: Formation
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2004ApJ...616..301G and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu