2004MNRAS.349..793P


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.02.17CET20:58:25

2004MNRAS.349..793P - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 349, 793-815 (2004/April-2)

A reanalysis of chemical abundances in galactic PNe and comparison with theoretical predictions.

PERINOTTO M., MORBIDELLI L. and SCATARZI A.

Abstract (from CDS):

New determinations of chemical abundances for He, N, O, Ne, Ar and S are derived for all galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) so far observed with a relatively high accuracy, in an effort to overcome differences in these quantities obtained over the years by different authors using different procedures. These include: ways to correct for interstellar extinction, the atomic data used to interpret the observed line fluxes, the model nebula adopted to represent real objects and the ionization corrections for unseen ions. A unique `good quality' classical-type procedure, i.e. making use of collisionally excited forbidden lines to derive ionic abundances of heavy ions, has been applied to all individual sets of observed line fluxes in each specific position within each PN. Only observational data obtained with linear detectors, and satisfying some `quality' criteria, have been considered. Such observations go from the mid-1970s up to the end of 2001. The observational errors associated with individual line fluxes have been propagated through the whole procedure to obtain an estimate of the accuracy of final abundances independent of an author's `prejudices'. Comparison of the final abundances with those obtained in relevant multi-object studies on the one hand allowed us to assess the accuracy of the new abundances, and on the other hand proved the usefulness of the present work, the basic purpose of which was to take full advantage of the vast amount of observations done so far of galactic PNe, handling them in a proper homogeneous way. The number of resulting PNe that have data of an adequate quality to pass the present selection amounts to 131. We believe that the new derived abundances constitute a highly homogeneous chemical data set on galactic PNe, with realistic uncertainties, and form a good observational basis for comparison with the growing number of predictions from stellar evolution theory. Owing to the known discrepancies between the ionic abundances of heavy elements derived from the strong collisonally excited forbidden lines and those derived from the weak, temperature-insensitive recombination lines, it is recognized that only abundance ratios between heavy elements can be considered as satisfactorily accurate. A comparison with theoretical predictions allowed us to assess the state of the art in this topic in any case, providing some findings and suggestions for further theoretical and observational work to advance our understanding of the evolution of low- and intermediate-mass stars.

Abstract Copyright: 2004 RAS

Journal keyword(s): ISM: abundances - planetary nebulae: general

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/349/793): sample.dat table2.dat table3.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 135

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Number of rows : 135

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 40 PN 00 13 01.0170260109 +72 31 19.032886305   11.63 11.46     [WC8] 583 2
2 PN BV 1 PN 00 20 00.450 +62 59 03.16           ~ 53 0
3 PN Hu 1-1 PN 00 28 15.435 +55 57 54.48           ~ 156 1
4 LHA 115-N 2 PN 00 32 38.8768120956 -71 41 59.637404392   16.40       ~ 51 0
5 PN BoBn 1 PN 00 37 16.03 -13 42 58.6   16       ~ 124 1
6 LHA 115-N 5 PN 00 41 21.6980594785 -72 45 16.781576463   14.4 15.805   17.224 ~ 51 0
7 M 76 PN 01 42 19.6604707683 +51 34 31.553132974     17.48   17.69 DOZ 356 2
8 IC 2003 PN 03 56 21.9883931981 +33 52 30.752777910   13.11 11.87 13.44   [WC3?] 243 0
9 PN K 3-66 PN 04 36 37.23 +33 39 30.0           O 68 0
10 PN K 3-67 PN 04 39 47.93 +36 45 42.6           ~ 68 0
11 Jonckheere 320 PN 05 05 34.2774523754 +10 42 22.923399381           O3V(f) 270 2
12 IC 418 PN 05 27 28.2060343141 -12 41 50.282659007   9.78 13.0     O7fp 995 2
13 IC 2149 PN 05 56 23.9008985692 +46 06 17.206983220   11.21 11.35     O7.5 414 0
14 IC 2165 PN 06 21 42.775 -12 59 13.96     10.0     ~ 365 1
15 PN VV 28 PN 06 25 57.2723419700 +17 47 27.124872408     12.5     [WC] 280 0
16 PN M 1-7 PN 06 37 20.966 +24 00 36.56           ~ 108 0
17 PN M 1-8 PN 06 53 33.795 +03 08 26.96   11.7       ~ 97 0
18 PN M 3-1 PN 07 02 49.9034289668 -31 35 29.173259232   12.9 12.70     ~ 114 0
19 NGC 2346 PN 07 09 22.5216571385 -00 48 23.611157830   11.76 11.58     A5V 549 0
20 PN M 1-13 PN 07 21 15.037 -18 08 34.65   11.0       ~ 92 0
21 NGC 2371 PN 07 25 34.6884571396 +29 29 26.430027683   14.48 13.5     Oe 347 0
22 PN M 3-3 PN 07 26 34.228 -05 21 52.16           ~ 77 0
23 NGC 2392 PN 07 29 10.7669120392 +20 54 42.478515772   10.28 9.68     O6f 693 0
24 PN M 1-17 PN 07 40 22.198 -11 32 29.92           ~ 97 0
25 NGC 2438 PN 07 41 50.5198569363 -14 44 07.484261077           ~ 273 3
26 NGC 2440 PN 07 41 54.91 -18 12 29.7   18.9       ~ 627 2
27 WRAY 16-8 PN 07 47 20.0415822672 -51 15 03.433241648   11.9 12.80     Of(H) 105 0
28 NGC 2452 PN 07 47 26.2648363344 -27 20 06.826143423   17.9 12.20     [WO1] 247 0
29 PN M 3-5 PN 08 02 28.956 -27 41 55.00     14.40     ~ 82 0
30 EM* AS 204 PN 08 53 30.91 -40 03 42.3     14.00     ~ 84 1
31 NGC 2818 PN 09 16 01.4879747574 -36 37 37.531389997   12.5 12.50     ~ 260 0
32 NGC 2867 PN 09 21 25.3833564294 -58 18 40.616684216   12.0 10.30     [WO2] 289 0
33 WRAY 16-46 PN 09 24 45.8332501707 -54 36 15.531940619     12.40     ~ 60 0
34 NGC 2899 PN 09 27 03.02 -56 06 21.1     12.40     G0 143 0
35 WRAY 16-59 PN 09 47 24.7917605714 -48 58 14.619456976     13.50     ~ 63 0
36 NGC 3195 PN 10 09 20.910 -80 51 30.73           ~ 110 0
37 PN PB 6 PN 10 13 15.989 -50 19 59.13   17.4 17.6     [WO1] 126 0
38 PN My 59 PN 10 23 09.1339166398 -60 32 42.127143376     12.70     O(H)7-9I 117 0
39 NGC 3242 PN 10 24 46.1335198512 -18 38 32.294434711   11.83 12.15     ~ 791 1
40 WRAY 17-45 PN 10 31 31.95 -53 33 29.5     15.00     ~ 40 0
41 WRAY 16-74 PN 10 35 45.7218625713 -64 19 11.563252382     14.50     ~ 63 0
42 PN Pe 1-1 PN 10 38 27.62 -56 47 06.5     14.20     [WC4/5] 85 0
43 NGC 3918 PN 11 50 17.7723407998 -57 10 57.059135256   10.0 8.5     ~ 360 0
44 IC 3568 PN 12 33 06.871 +82 33 48.95   11.4 11.1     ~ 388 1
45 PN H 4-1 PN 12 59 27.77 +27 38 10.5   15.92       ~ 152 0
46 PN Th 2-A PN 13 22 33.79 -63 21 01.3     15.00     ~ 83 0
47 WRAY 16-135 PN 13 45 22.3674292595 -71 28 56.136996109   12.9 12.80     Of-WR(H) 71 0
48 NGC 5315 PN 13 53 56.9609674528 -66 30 50.915454108   14.58 14.40     [WO4] 291 0
49 IC 4406 PN 14 22 26.1443764953 -44 09 02.205426646   11.5 10.90     ~ 267 0
50 WRAY 16-156 PN 14 33 17.97 -60 49 36.3   16.3 16.7   15.38 ~ 156 0
51 WRAY 16-157 PN 14 40 30.9325388306 -52 34 56.913046380     13.70     ~ 76 0
52 WRAY 16-165 PN 15 06 13.7149467774 -42 59 56.513764472   13.2 13.20     ~ 70 0
53 NGC 5882 PN 15 16 49.9567882973 -45 38 58.610861335   11.9 10.9     ~ 261 0
54 PN Me 2-1 PN 15 22 19.2744138687 -23 37 31.499029460   12.2 12.20     ~ 211 0
55 PN Mz 2 PN 16 14 32.3972570889 -54 57 04.660854787     13.00     ~ 99 0
56 PN Pe 1-5 PN 16 15 20.127 -49 13 21.59     13.70     ~ 73 0
57 WRAY 16-212 PN 16 17 14.3617509031 -53 32 05.584799639     15.00     ~ 57 0
58 NGC 6153 PN 16 31 30.5709136856 -40 15 12.646146874   10.7 15.55     ~ 282 0
59 WRAY 16-227 PN 16 35 21.2303100559 -53 50 11.388389987   13.5 14.10     ~ 53 0
60 PN DdDm 1 PN 16 40 18.1519945483 +38 42 20.023281608   14.0       sd+G/K 131 0
61 NGC 6210 PN 16 44 29.5195973292 +23 47 59.491267229   12.3 11.7     Of/[WR] 568 0
62 IC 4634 PN 17 01 33.5805836299 -21 49 33.002375687   12.3 11.3     O3If 262 0
63 PN M 2-6 PN 17 04 18.33 -30 53 28.9     14.60     ~ 73 1
64 PN H 2-1 PN 17 04 36.2535135873 -33 59 18.777826386     13.25     O 136 0
65 NGC 6309 PN 17 14 04.3073336607 -12 54 37.891046946   11.6       O(He) 295 1
66 CD-59 6479 Be* 17 16 21.08 -59 29 23.3 10.03 10.73 10.75     B3e 111 0
67 PN M 2-11 PN 17 20 33.27 -29 00 39.1     14.00     ~ 76 0
68 NGC 6326 PN 17 20 46.252 -51 45 15.17   12.83 11.53 16.00 15.16 O(H)5-8((fc)) 138 0
69 PN M 2-13 PN 17 28 34.1923703839 -13 26 20.742891193           ~ 61 0
70 NGC 6369 PN 17 29 20.4566547788 -23 45 34.771598164   16.6 12.00     [WC4] 299 0
71 PN H 1-20 PN 17 30 43.82 -28 04 06.8   17.1 16.0     ~ 80 0
72 PN Hb 4 PN 17 41 52.7988053576 -24 42 08.343474051   18.4 17     [WC4] 201 1
73 PN H 1-31 PN 17 45 31.9673694627 -34 33 54.807638367     14.50     ~ 63 0
74 PN M 1-26 PN 17 45 57.6652777318 -30 12 00.874208077   12.89 12.08 12.00   [WR] 202 0
75 PN Hb 5 PN 17 47 56.20 -29 59 39.6   10.50 10.78     ~ 250 0
76 NGC 6439 PN 17 48 19.820 -16 28 44.42     12.2     ~ 171 0
77 NGC 6445 PN 17 49 15.21 -20 00 34.5   18.9       ~ 284 0
78 PN Cn 2-1 PN 17 54 33.010 -34 22 21.15     12.70 14.47 13.70 ~ 129 0
79 IC 4670 PN 17 55 07.031 -21 44 40.04   15.03 13.28 13.88 13.56 ~ 143 2
80 PN Th 4-10 PN 17 57 06.599 -18 06 43.43           ~ 38 0
81 NGC 6543 PN 17 58 33.4042519454 +66 37 58.748961810   11.09 11.28     [WC] 1112 1
82 PN M 2-23 PN 18 01 42.64 -28 25 44.2     13.00     ~ 111 0
83 PN M 3-21 PN 18 02 32.33 -36 39 11.3     12.20     ~ 103 1
84 PN M 1-35 PN 18 03 39.30 -26 43 33.9     14.50     ~ 90 0
85 PN M 1-42 PN 18 11 04.99 -28 58 59.1   13.1 14.00     ~ 194 0
86 NGC 6565 PN 18 11 52.558 -28 10 42.35   12.5 12.2 12.12   PN 221 0
87 NGC 6572 PN 18 12 06.3140077888 +06 51 13.030152295   9.3 10.8     [WC] 735 0
88 NGC 6567 PN 18 13 45.1634807418 -19 04 34.069059115     10.9     [WC5/6] 257 1
89 NGC 6578 PN 18 16 16.517 -20 27 02.67           [WC4/6] 193 0
90 PN M 2-42 PN 18 22 32.08 -24 09 27.7     13.90     ~ 69 0
91 NGC 6620 PN 18 22 54.182 -26 49 17.19   12.8 13.30 14.34 14.55 ~ 134 0
92 PN Cn 1-5 PN 18 29 11.6504002939 -31 29 59.125146747   15.5 15.2 13.34   [WC5/6] 139 0
93 NGC 6644 PN 18 32 34.70 -25 07 44.2     9.6     ~ 185 0
94 PN M 1-50 PN 18 33 20.88 -18 16 37.1           ~ 81 0
95 IC 4732 PN 18 33 54.65 -22 38 41.0   12.5       ~ 141 0
96 PN M 1-54 PN 18 36 08.357 -16 59 57.02           ~ 79 0
97 PN M 1-56 PN 18 37 46.27 -17 05 46.8           ~ 53 0
98 PN M 1-57 PN 18 40 20.2567807862 -10 39 47.205366475           ~ 89 0
99 PN VV 201 PN 18 42 56.979 -11 06 53.10           ~ 58 0
100 PN M 1-61 PN 18 45 55.12 -14 27 37.9           ~ 98 0
101 PN Hu 2-1 PN 18 49 47.56755 +20 50 39.4576     13.3     ~ 262 0
102 M 57 PN 18 53 35.0969571234 +33 01 44.883146221   15.405 15.769 15.901 16.062 DA(O?) 785 2
103 NGC 6741 PN 19 02 37.10 -00 26 56.7     9.6     ~ 340 0
104 NGC 6751 PN 19 05 55.5385116189 -05 59 32.291075445   15.78 15.48     [WC4] 315 0
105 NGC 6765 PN 19 11 06.5583876872 +30 32 43.683325201           PG1159 65 1
106 IC 4846 PN 19 16 28.2205101750 -09 02 36.760345214           ~ 199 0
107 IC 1297 PN 19 17 23.4475611063 -39 36 46.255054503           [WC3/4] 152 0
108 NGC 6778 PN 19 18 25.0 -01 35 47     14.8     ~ 236 0
109 NGC 6790 PN 19 22 56.966 +01 30 46.46   12.52 10.45     wels 308 0
110 PN Vy 2-2 PN 19 24 22.2390166933 +09 53 56.259102426   14.02 12.65 13.38   ~ 246 0
111 NGC 6807 PN 19 34 33.53 +05 41 02.5     12     ~ 133 0
112 PN Me 1-1 PN 19 39 09.8201107636 +15 56 48.274244829           ~ 119 0
113 PN M 1-74 PN 19 42 18.78 +15 09 08.3   12.8       ~ 119 0
114 NGC 6818 PN 19 43 58.022 -14 09 13.44     9.3     ~ 337 1
115 NGC 6826 PN 19 44 48.1500835472 +50 31 30.250916761   10.21 9.6     O6fp 694 0
116 M 27 PN 19 59 36.3632092274 +22 43 16.312364964   13.749 14.089 14.247 14.405 DAO.6 562 0
117 PN M 1-75 PN 20 04 44.1 +31 27 28           ~ 90 1
118 NGC 6884 PN 20 10 23.6401227444 +46 27 39.547818788   11.9 10.9     ~ 305 1
119 NGC 6879 PN 20 10 26.70 +16 55 21.4     14.8     O3f(He) 144 0
120 NGC 6881 PN 20 10 52.45 +37 24 42.4           ~ 195 0
121 NGC 6886 PN 20 12 42.83 +19 59 22.6           ~ 311 0
122 NGC 6894 PN 20 16 23.965 +30 33 53.17           ~ 193 0
123 NGC 7009 PN 21 04 10.8153350719 -11 21 48.581808296   12.48 12.07     ~ 955 1
124 NGC 7026 PN 21 06 18.5721833093 +47 51 06.780221314   15.33 15.1     [WC3] 403 1
125 NGC 7027 PN 21 07 01.8 +42 14 10   9.1 10.9     ~ 2308 1
126 IC 5117 PN 21 32 30.97 +44 35 47.5     16.7     ~ 285 0
127 PN Hu 1-2 PN 21 33 08.3071114501 +39 38 09.524664348     12.0     ~ 271 1
128 IC 5217 PN 22 23 55.7197244732 +50 58 00.461084740     15.5     [WC7] 295 0
129 NGC 7293 PN 22 29 38.5453078023 -20 50 13.746093105 11.894 13.158 13.524 13.689 13.898 DAO.5 889 0
130 PN Me 2-2 PN 22 31 43.683 +47 48 03.91   9.3       ~ 146 0
131 PN M 2-53 PN 22 32 17.720 +56 10 26.12           ~ 63 0
132 NGC 7354 PN 22 40 19.8738736066 +61 17 08.744408285           ~ 264 2
133 PN M 1-80 PN 22 56 19.907 +57 09 21.07           ~ 94 1
134 NGC 7662 PN 23 25 53.6 +42 32 06   9.4 12     ~ 907 0
135 PN M 2-55 PN 23 31 52.708 +70 22 10.11           ~ 77 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.02.17-20:58:26

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