New Astronomy, 9, 545-564 (2004/September-0)
Searching for radiative pumping lines of OH masers: II. The 53.3 µm absorption line towards 1612 MHz OH maser sources.
HE J.H. and CHEN P.S.
Abstract (from CDS):
This is the second paper in a series aiming at searching for infrared pumping lines for galactic 1612 MHz OH masers. Our paper I is devoted to the 34.6 mum absorption lines in ISO SWS spectra towards a large sample of galactic OH/IR sources. This paper analyzes the 53.3 mum line in the ISO LWS spectra towards a similar sample of OH/IR sources. A search with position radius of 1 arcmin in ISO Data Archive (IDA) results in 137 LWS spectra covering 53.3 mum associated with 47 galactic OH/IR sources and 4 ones associated with megamasers Arp 220 and NGC 253. (These two magamasers are included for comparison purpose only.) Ten of these galactic OH/IR sources are found to show and another 5 ones tentatively show the 53.3 mum absorption while another 7 sources (our group U1 and U2 sources) highly probably do not show this line. The source class is found to be correlated with the type of spectral profile: red supergiants (RSGs) and AGB stars tend to show strong blue-shifted fillinge! mission in their 53.3 mum absorption line profiles while H II regions tend to show a weak red-shifted filling emission in the line profile. GC sources and megamasers mainly show symmetrical profile in the line core while megamasers tend to show an additional absorption tail on the blue side of the line profile. It is argued that the filling emission might be the manifestation of an unresolved half emission half absorption profile of the 53.3 mum doublet which might be produced by the transitions among the two levels: 2Pi1/2(J=3/2) and 2Pi1/2(J=5/2) and their closely related levels. The 53.3 to 34.6 mum equivalent width (EW) ratio is close to unity for RSGs but much larger than unity for GC sources and megamasers while H II regions only show the 53.3 mum line. The pump rate defined as maser to IR photon flux ratio is approximately 5% for RSGs. The pump rates of GC sources are three order of magnitude smaller. Both the large 53.3 to 34.6 mum EW ratio and the small pump rate o! f the GC OH masers reflect that the two detected `pumping lines' in these sources are actually of interstellar origin. The pump rate of Arp 220 is 32% - much larger than that of RSGs, which indicates that the contribution of other pumping mechanisms to this megamaser is important. A handful of non-detections of the 34.6 or 53.3 mum line or both can be explained partly by the genuinely weakness of the OH masers and partly by some other mechanisms weakening the IR pumping lines, such as clumpy OH shell or limb filling emission.
Masers - Stars: AGB and post-AGB - Circumstellar matter - Supergiants - HII regions - Radio lines: stars