Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 430, 629-642 (2005/2-1)
HS 2331+3905: The cataclysmic variable that has it all.
ARAUJO-BETANCOR S., GAENSICKE B.T., HAGEN H.-J., MARSH T.R., HARLAFTIS E.T., THORSTENSEN J., FRIED R.E., SCHMEER P. and ENGELS D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report detailed follow-up observations of the cataclysmic variable HS 2331+3905, identified as an emission-line object in the Hamburg Quasar Survey. An orbital period of 81.08min is unambiguously determined from the detection of eclipses in the light curves of HS 2331+3905. A second photometric period is consistently detected at P≃83.38min, ∼2.8% longer than Porb, which we tentatively relate to the presence of permanent superhumps. High time resolution photometry exhibits short-timescale variability on time scales of ≃5-6 min which we interpret as non-radial white dwarf pulsations, as well as a coherent signal at 1.12min, which is likely to be the white dwarf spin period. A large-amplitude quasi-sinusoidal radial velocity modulation of the Balmer and Helium lines with a period ∼3.5h is persistently detected throughout three seasons of time-resolved spectroscopy. However, this spectroscopic period, which is in no way related to the orbital period, is not strictly coherent but drifts in period and/or phase on time scales of a few days. Modeling the far-ultraviolet to infrared spectral energy distribution of HS 2331+3905, we determine a white dwarf temperature of Teff≃10500K (assuming Mwd=0.6M☉), close to the ZZ Ceti instability strip of single white dwarfs. The spectral model implies a distance of d=90±15pc, and a low value for the distance is supported by the large proper motion of the system, µ=0.14"/yr. The non-detection of molecular bands and the low J, H, and K fluxes of HS 2331+3905 make this object a very likely candidate for a brown-dwarf donor.
stars: binaries: close - stars: individual: HS 2331+3905 - stars: novae, cataclysmic variables
Aqr1 = [DWS97] Aqr 1.
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