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2005A&A...436.1049M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 436, 1049-1065 (2005/6-4)

A new calibration of stellar parameters of Galactic O stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present new calibrations of stellar parameters of O stars at solar metallicity taking non-LTE, wind, and line-blanketing effects into account. Gravities and absolute visual magnitudes are derived from results of recent spectroscopic analyses. Two types of effective temperature scales are derived: one from a compilation based on recent spectroscopic studies of a sample of massive stars - the ``observational scale'' - and the other from direct interpolations on a grid of non-LTE spherically extended line-blanketed models computed with the code CMFGEN (Hillier & Miller, 1998ApJ...496..407H) - the ``theoretical scale''. These Teff scales are then further used together with the grid of models to calibrate other parameters (bolometric correction, luminosity, radius, spectroscopic mass and ionising fluxes) as a function of spectral type and luminosity class. Compared to the earlier calibrations of Vacca et al. (1996ApJ...460..914V) the main results are: (o) The effective temperature scales of dwarfs, giants and supergiants are cooler by 2000 to 8000K, the theoretical scale being slightly cooler than the observational one. The reduction is the largest for the earliest spectral types and for supergiants. (o) Bolometric corrections as a function of Teff are reduced by 0.1mag due to line blanketing which redistributes part of the UV flux in the optical range. For a given spectral type the reduction of BC is larger for early types and for supergiants. Typically BCs derived using the theoretical Teff scale are 0.40 to 0.60mag lower than that of Vacca et al. (1996ApJ...460..914V) whereas the differences using the observational Teff scale are somewhat smaller. (o) Luminosities are reduced by 0.20 to 0.35dex for dwarfs, by ∼0.25 for all giants and by 0.25 to 0.35dex for supergiants. The reduction is essentially the same for both Teff scales. It is independent of spectral type for giants and supergiants and is slightly larger for late type than for early type dwarfs. (o) Lyman continuum fluxes are reduced. Our theoretical values for the hydrogen ionising photon fluxes for dwarfs are 0.20 to 0.80dex lower than those of Vacca et al. (1996ApJ...460..914V) the difference being larger at late spectral types. For giants the reduction is of 0.25 to 0.55dex, while for supergiants it is of 0.30 to 0.55dex. Using the observational Teff scale leads to smaller reductions at late spectral types. The present results should represent a significant improvement over previous calibrations, given the detailed treatment of non-LTE line-blanketing in the expanding atmospheres of massive stars.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: fundamental parameters - stars: atmospheres - stars: early-type

Simbad objects: 0

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