SIMBAD references

2005A&A...442..281K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 442, 281-308 (2005/10-4)

Broad-band photometric colors and effective temperature calibrations for late-type giants. I. Z=0.02.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present new synthetic broad-band photometric colors for late-type giants based on synthetic spectra calculated with the PHOENIX model atmosphere code. The grid covers effective temperatures Teff=3000...5000K, gravities logg=-0.5...+3.5, and metallicities [M/H]=+0.5...-4.0. We show that individual broad-band photometric colors are strongly affected by model parameters such as molecular opacities, gravity, microturbulent velocity, and stellar mass. Our exploratory 3D modeling of a prototypical late-type giant shows that convection has a noticeable effect on the photometric colors too, as it alters significantly both the vertical and horizontal thermal structures in the outer atmosphere. The differences between colors calculated with full 3D hydrodynamical and 1D model atmospheres are significant (e.g., Δ(V-K)∼0.2mag), translating into offsets in effective temperature of up to ∼70K. For a sample of 74 late-type giants in the Solar neighborhood, with interferometric effective temperatures and broad-band photometry available in the literature, we compare observed colors with a new PHOENIX grid of synthetic photometric colors, as well as with photometric colors calculated with the MARCS and ATLAS model atmosphere codes. We find good agreement of the new synthetic colors with observations and published Teff-color and color-color relations, especially in the Teff-(V-K), Teff-(J-K) and (J-K)-(V-K) planes. Deviations from the observed trends in the Teff-color planes are generally within ±100K for Teff=3500 to 4800K. Synthetic colors calculated with different stellar atmosphere models agree to ±100K, within a large range of effective temperatures and gravities. The comparison of the observed and synthetic spectra of late-type giants shows that discrepancies result from the differences both in the strengths of various spectral lines/bands (especially those of molecular bands, such as TiO, H2O, CO) and the continuum level. Finally, we derive several new Teff-logg-color relations for late-type giants at solar-metallicity (valid for Teff=3500 to 4800K), based both on the observed effective temperatures and colors of the nearby giants, and synthetic colors produced with PHOENIX, MARCS and ATLAS model atmospheres.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: atmospheres - stars: late-type - stars: fundamental parameters - techniques: photometric - hydrodynamics

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/442/281): table2.dat>

CDS comments: In table 3 * rho Aur is a misprint for * rho Boo (HD 127665)

Simbad objects: 80

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