Escape of Lyα emission in the starburst galaxy Markarian 357: a wind's far side.
Abstract (from CDS):
Hubble Space Telescope imaging and slitless spectroscopy are used to examine where the strong Lyα emission escapes from the interstellar medium in the starburst galaxy Mrk 357. An Hα image shows that the ionized gas is mostly in a global wind, rather than associated with the individual star-forming regions seen in the optical and UV continuum. The Lyα emission comes predominantly from the northwest side of the wind structure spatially, and shows a significant redshift relative to the optical lines. Both of these properties are signatures of seeing the line photons backscattered from the far side of a prolate or bipolar starburst wind, fitting both with escape calculations and evidence for winds in high-redshift galaxies with net Lyα emission. Scattering is most important within this wind itself, rather than involving a surrounding neutral medium, as shown by the decreasing relative redshift of the line peak from 250 to ~30 km/s between the center and edge of the detected emission. The Lyα emission exhibits strong asymmetry in comparison with both the starlight and Hα structures. These results add to the evidence that kinematics, rather than gas metallicity or dust content, are the dominant effect in determining which galaxies have strong Lyα emission, and that powerful (and perhaps episodic) starbursts are common among Lyman break galaxies as well as those discovered from Lyα line emission.