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2005AJ....129.2420M - Astron. J., 129, 2420-2427 (2005/May-0)

Statistical constraints for astrometric binaries with nonlinear motion.

MAKAROV V.V. and KAPLAN G.H.

Abstract (from CDS):

Useful constraints on the orbits and mass ratios of astrometric binaries in the Hipparcos catalog are derived from the measured proper motion differences of Hipparcos and Tycho-2 (Δµ), accelerations of proper motions (µ{dot}), and second derivatives of proper motions (µ{ddot}). It is shown how, in some cases, statistical bounds can be estimated for the masses of the secondary components. Two catalogs of astrometric binaries are generated, one of binaries with significant proper motion differences and the other of binaries with significant accelerations of their proper motions. Mathematical relations between the astrometric observables Δµ, µ{dot}, and µ{ddot} and the orbital elements are derived in the appendices. We find a remarkable difference between the distribution of spectral types of stars with large accelerations but small proper motion differences and that of stars with large proper motion differences but insignificant accelerations. The spectral type distribution for the former sample of binaries is the same as the general distribution of all stars in the Hipparcos catalog, whereas the latter sample is clearly dominated by solar-type stars, with an obvious dearth of blue stars. We point out that the latter set includes mostly binaries with long periods (longer than about 6 yr).

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Astrometry - Stars: Binaries: General

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/AJ/129/2420): table1.dat table2.dat>

Simbad objects: 3787

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