Optimization of Starburst99 for intermediate-age and old stellar populations.
VAZQUEZ G.A. and LEITHERER C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have incorporated the latest release of the Padova models into the evolutionary synthesis code Starburst99. The Padova tracks were extended to include the full asymptotic giant branch (AGB) evolution until the final thermal pulse over the mass range 0.9-5 M☉. With this addition, Starburst99 accounts for all stellar phases that contribute to the integrated light of a stellar population with arbitrary age from the extreme-ultraviolet to the near-infrared. AGB stars are important for ages between 0.1 and 2 Gyr, with their contribution increasing at longer wavelengths. We investigate similarities and differences between the model predictions by the Geneva and the Padova tracks. The differences are particularly pronounced at ages >1 Gyr, when incompleteness sets in for the Geneva models. We also perform detailed comparisons with the predictions of other major synthesis codes and find excellent agreement. Our synthesized optical colors are compared to observations of old, intermediate-age, and young populations. Excellent agreement is found for the old globular cluster system of NGC 5128 and for old and intermediate-age clusters in NGC 4038/4039. In contrast, the models fail for red supergiant-dominated populations with subsolar abundances. This failure can be traced back to incorrect red supergiant parameters in the stellar evolutionary tracks. Our models and the synthesis code are publicly available as version 5.0 of Starburst99 at http://www.stsci.edu/science/starburst99.
Galaxies: Dwarf - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 5128 - Galaxies: Individual: NGC Number: NGC 4038/4039 - Galaxies: Star Clusters - Galaxies: Stellar Content - Stars: Evolution