Astrophys. J., 621, 793-802 (2005/March-2)
A spatial and spectral study of nonthermal filaments in historical supernova remnants: observational results with Chandra.
BAMBA A., YAMAZAKI R., YOSHIDA T., TERASAWA T. and KOYAMA K.
Abstract (from CDS):
The outer shells of young supernova remnants (SNRs) are the most plausible acceleration sites of high-energy electrons with the diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) mechanism. We studied spatial and spectral properties close to the shock fronts in four historical SNRs (Cas A, Kepler's remnant, Tycho's remnant, and RCW 86) with excellent spatial resolution of Chandra. In all of the SNRs, hard X-ray emissions were found on the rims of the SNRs, which concentrate in very narrow regions (so-called filaments); apparent scale widths on the upstream side are below or on the order of the point-spread function of Chandra, while they are 0".5-40" (0.01-0.4 pc) on the downstream side with most reliable distances. The spectra of these filaments can be fitted with both thermal and nonthermal (power law and SRCUT) models. The former requires unrealistic high temperature (≳2 keV) and low abundances (≲1 solar) for emission from young SNRs and may be thus unlikely. The latter reproduces the spectra with best-fit photon indices of 2.1-3.8, or roll-off frequencies of (0.1-28)x1017 Hz, which reminds us of the synchrotron emission from electrons accelerated via DSA. We consider various physical parameters as functions of the SNR age, including the previous results on SN 1006; the filament width on the downstream side increases with the SNR age, and the spectrum becomes softer, keeping a nonthermal feature. It was also found that a function, that is, the roll-off frequency divided by the square of the scale width on the downstream side, shows negative correlation with the age, which might provide us some information on the DSA theory.
Acceleration of Particles - ISM: Individual: Name: Cassiopeia A - ISM: Individual: Name: Kepler's Supernova Remnant - ISM: Individual: Alphanumeric: G120.1+1.4 - ISM: Individual: Alphanumeric: SN 1006 - ISM: Individual: Alphanumeric: RCW 86 - ISM: Supernova Remnants - X-Rays: ISM
Introd. : G266.6-1.2 is a misprint for G266.2-1.2, Fig. 1 : Filaments in each SNR are not in SIMBAD
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