Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 356, 343-358 (2005/January-1)
Dynamics and star formation activity of CG J1720-67.8 unveiled through integral field spectroscopy and radio observations.
TEMPORIN S., STAVELEY-SMITH L. and KERBER F.
Abstract (from CDS):
CG J1720-67.8 is an ultra compact group of several galaxies with a low-velocity dispersion, and displaying the hallmarks of mutual interaction and possible tidal dwarf galaxy formation. In hierarchical models, the system is a possible precursor to a massive elliptical galaxy. In this paper, we use new optical integral field spectroscopic and radio observations to investigate the evolutionary status of the group in more detail: global star formation rates are estimated using Hα and 1.4-GHz radio continuum measurements; HI observations provide an upper limit to the global neutral gas content; optical broadband colours and spectra provide ages and stellar mass estimates for the tidal dwarf candidates; the bi-dimensional Hα velocity field is used to trace the kinematics of the group and its members, which are compared with numerical simulations of galaxy encounters. The observations suggest a model in which multiple interactions have occurred, with the latest strong encounter involving at least two major components within the last 200Myr. Debris from the encounter fuels ongoing star formation at the global level of ∼20M☉/yr, with self-gravity within the tidal tail possibly providing a mechanism to enhance the star formation rate of the tidal dwarf candidates, with bursts of star formation in clumps of mass ∼2x107 M☉appearing within the last 10Myr. The amount of time required for final merging of all group components remains uncertain.
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: starburst
Fig.10: [WTK99] Object NN (No. 13) added.
p.344 : CG J1720-67.4 is a misprint for CG J1720-67.8. In Fig.1 : Object 1 to 12 are [WTK99] Object 1 to 12. P.352 : Calibrator PKS B1934-648 is probably a misprint for PKS B1934-638.
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