2006A&A...450...59R


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.29CET21:29:06

2006A&A...450...59R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 450, 59-68 (2006/4-4)

X-ray flare in XRF 050406: evidence for prolonged engine activity.

ROMANO P., MORETTI A., BANAT P.L., BURROWS D.N., CAMPANA S., CHINCARINI G., COVINO S., MALESANI D., TAGLIAFERRI G., KOBAYASHI S., ZHANG B., FALCONE A.D., ANGELINI L., BARTHELMY S., BEARDMORE A.P., CAPALBI M., CUSUMANO G., GIOMMI P., GOAD M.R., GODET O., GRUPE D., HILL J.E., KENNEA J.A., LA PAROLA V., MANGANO V., MESZAROS P., MORRIS D.C., NOUSEK J.A., O'BRIEN P.T., OSBORNE J.P., PARSONS A., PERRI M., PAGANI C., PAGE K.L., WELLS A.A. and GEHRELS N.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present observations of XRF 050406, the first burst detected by Swift showing a flare in its X-ray light curve. During this flare, which peaks at tpeak∼210s after the BAT trigger, a flux variation of δF/F∼6 in a very short time δt/tpeak≪1 was observed. Its measured fluence in the 0.2-10keV band was ∼1.4x10–8erg/cm2, which corresponds to 1-15% of the prompt fluence. We present indications of spectral variations during the flare. We argue that the producing mechanism is late internal shocks, which implies that the central engine is still active at 210s, though with a reduced power with respect to the prompt emission. The X-ray light curve flattens to a very shallow slope with decay index of ∼0.5 after ∼4400s, which also supports continued central engine activity at late times. This burst is classified as an X-ray flash, with a relatively low fluence (∼10–7erg/cm2 in the 15-350keV band, Eiso∼1051 erg), a soft spectrum (photon index 2.65), no significant flux above ∼50keV and a peak energy Ep<15keV. XRF 050406 is one of the first examples of a well-studied X-ray light curve of an XRF. We show that the main afterglow characteristics are qualitatively similar to those of normal GRBs. In particular, X-ray flares superimposed on a power-law light curve have now been seen in both XRFs and GRBs. This indicates that a similar mechanism may be at work for both kinds of events.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma rays: bursts - X-rays: bursts - X-rays: individuals: XRF 050406

CDS comments: Fig.2: S2 serendipitous source = EQ J021752.9-501036.1 in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 14

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Number of rows : 14

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 GRB 050904 gB 00 54 50.794 +14 05 09.42           ~ 433 1
2 HD 14366 * 02 17 43.5170025312 -50 14 42.274283707   10.00 9.24     G7IV 12 0
3 GRB 050406 gB 02 17 52.200 -50 11 15.81     18.83     ~ 117 0
4 EQ J021752.9-501036.1 ? 02 17 52.9 -50 10 36           ~ 1 0
5 GRB 970508 gB 06 53 49.2 +79 16 19           ~ 842 1
6 GRB 050502B gB 09 30 10.024 +16 59 48.07           ~ 150 0
7 GRB 011211 gB 11 15 16 -21 56.0           ~ 287 1
8 GRB 011121 gB 11 34 26.67 -76 01 41.6       23.0   ~ 256 1
9 GRB 050724 gB 16 24 44.400 -27 32 27.90     19.70     ~ 386 1
10 GRB 050315 gB 20 25 54.100 -42 36 02.19           ~ 194 0
11 GRB 011030 gB 20 43 35.4 +77 17 20           ~ 69 0
12 GRB 040701 G 20 47 46.3 -40 14 13           ~ 42 1
13 GRB 030723 gB 21 49 24.40 -27 42 47.4           ~ 120 0
14 GRB 020427 gB 22 09 28.3 -65 19 32           ~ 47 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.10.29-21:29:06

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