Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 451, 1049-1052 (2006/6-1)
Protoneutron star dynamos: pulsars, magnetars, and radio-silent X-ray emitting neutron stars.
BONANNO A., URPIN V. and BELVEDERE G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We discuss the mean-field dynamo action in protoneutron stars that are subject to instabilities during the early evolutionary phase. The mean field is generated in the neutron-finger unstable region where the Rossby number is ∼1 and mean-field dynamo is efficient. Depending on the rotation rate, the mean-field dynamo can lead to the formation of three different types of pulsars. If the initial period of the protoneutron star is short, then the generated large-scale field is very strong (>3x1013G) and exceeds the small-scale field at the neutron star surface. If rotation is moderate, then the pulsars are formed with more or less standard dipole fields (<3x1013G) but with surface small-scale magnetic fields stronger than the dipole field. If rotation is very slow, then the mean-field dynamo does not operate, and the neutron star has no global field. Nevertheless, strong small-scale fields are generated in such pulsars, and they can manifest themselves as objects with very low spin-down rate but with a strong magnetic field inferred from the spectral features.
magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) - pulsars: general - stars: neutron - X-ray: stars - stars: magnetic fields