Astron. J., 131, 1648-1666 (2006/March-0)
Using line profiles to test the fraternity of type Ia supernovae at high and low redshifts.
BLONDIN S., DESSART L., LEIBUNDGUT B., BRANCH D., HOFLICH P., TONRY J.L., MATHESON T., FOLEY R.J., CHORNOCK R., FILIPPENKO A.V., SOLLERMAN J., SPYROMILIO J., KIRSHNER R.P., WOOD-VASEY W.M., CLOCCHIATTI A., AGUILERA C., BARRIS B., BECKER A.C., CHALLIS P., COVARRUBIAS R., DAVIS T.M., GARNAVICH P., HICKEN M., JHA S., KRISCIUNAS K., LI W., MICELI A., MIKNAITIS G., PIGNATA G., PRIETO J.L., REST A., RIESS A.G., SALVO M.E., SCHMIDT B.P., SMITH R.C., STUBBS C.W. and SUNTZEFF N.B.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using archival data of low-redshift (z<0.01; Center for Astrophysics and SUSPECT databases) Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and recent observations of high-redshift (0.16<z<0.64) SNe Ia, we study the ``uniformity'' of the spectroscopic properties of nearby and distant SNe Ia. We find no difference in the measurements we describe here. In this paper we base our analysis solely on line-profile morphology, focusing on measurements of the velocity location of maximum absorption (vabs) and peak emission (vpeak). Our measurement technique makes it easier to compare low and high signal-to-noise ratio observations. We also quantify the associated sources of error, assessing the effect of line blending with assistance from the parameterized code SYNOW. We find that the evolution of vabs and vpeak for our sample lines (Ca II λ3945, Si II λ6355, and S II λλ5454, 5640) is similar for both the low- and high-redshift samples. We find that vabs for the weak S II λλ5454, 5640 lines and vpeak for S II λ5454 can be used to identify fast-declining [Δm15(B)>1.7] SNe Ia, which are also subluminous. In addition, we give the first direct evidence in two high-z SN Ia spectra of a double-absorption feature in Ca II λ3945, an event also observed, although infrequently, in low-redshift SN Ia spectra (6 out of 22 SNe Ia in our local sample). Moreover, echoing the recent studies of Dessart & Hillier in the context of Type II supernovae (SNe II), we see similar P Cygni line profiles in our large sample of SN Ia spectra. First, the magnitude of the velocity location at maximum profile absorption may underestimate that at the continuum photosphere, as observed, for example, in the optically thinner line S II λ5640. Second, we report for the first time the unambiguous and systematic intrinsic blueshift of peak emission of optical P Cygni line profiles in SN Ia spectra, by as much as 8000 km/s. All the high-z SNe Ia analyzed in this paper were discovered and followed up by the ESSENCE collaboration and are now publicly available.
Cosmology: Observations - Line: Formation - Line: Profiles - Stars: Supernovae: General
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/131/1648): table2.dat refs.dat table3.dat table5.dat table6.dat table7.dat table8.dat>
Table 2 : SN 1998AQ is a misprint for SN 1996AQ, NGC 2565 is a misprint for NGC 2595
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