Astron. J., 132, 663-675 (2006/August-0)
A survey for spectroscopic binaries among very low mass stars.
BASRI G. and REINERS A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report on the results of a survey for radial velocity variability in a heterogeneous sample of very low mass stars and brown dwarfs. One distinguishing characteristic of the survey is its time span, which allows an overlap between spectroscopic binaries and those that can be found by high angular resolution imaging. Despite our relatively low velocity precision, we are able to place a new constraint on the total binary fraction in these objects, which suggests that they are more likely the result of extending the same processes at work at higher masses into this mass range, rather than a distinct mode of formation. Our basic result is that there are 6±2 out of 53, or 11%+0.07–0.04, spectroscopic binaries in the separation range 0-6 AU, nearly as many as resolved binaries. This leads to an estimate of an upper limit of 26%±10% for the binary fraction of very low mass objects (it is an upper limit because of the possible overlap between the spectroscopic and resolved populations). A reasonable estimate for the very low mass binary fraction is 20%-25%. We consider several possible separation and frequency distributions, including the one found for GK stars, a compressed version of that, a version of the compressed distribution truncated at 15 AU, and a theoretical distribution that considers the evaporation of small-N clusters. We conclude that the latter two bracket the observations, which may mean that these systems form with intrinsically smaller separations due to their smaller mass and then are truncated due to their smaller binding energy. We do not find support for the ``ejection hypothesis'' as their dominant mode of formation, particularly in view of the similarity in the total binary fraction compared with slightly more massive stars and the difficulty this mechanism has in producing numerous binary systems. Our conclusions must be viewed as tentative until studies with larger and better-posed samples and higher velocity precision are conducted.
Stars: Binaries: Close - Stars: Formation - Stars: Low-Mass, Brown Dwarfs
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/132/663): table5.dat>
Status at CDS
All or part of tables of objects could be ingested in SIMBAD; there are some issues with cross-identifications or classifications.
Tables 1 and 5 : several objects not found (truncated format). 2MASS1656 is a typo for 2MASS1658+70 (LSPM J1658+7027).
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