The correlation dimension of young stars in dwarf galaxies.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the correlation dimension of resolved young stars in four actively star-forming dwarf galaxies that are sufficiently resolved and transparent to be modeled as projections of three-dimensional point distributions. We use data from the Hubble Space Telescope archive; photometry for one of the galaxies, UGCA 292, is presented here for the first time. We find that there are statistically distinguishable differences in the nature of stellar clustering among the sample galaxies. The young stars of VII Zw 403, the brightest galaxy in the sample, have the highest value for the correlation dimension and the most dramatic decrease with logarithmic scale, falling from 1.68±0.14 to 0.10±0.05 over less than a factor of 10 in r. This decrease is consistent with the edge effect produced by a projected Poisson distribution within a 2:2:1 ellipsoid. The young stars in UGC 4483, the faintest galaxy in the sample, exhibit very different behavior, with a constant value of about 0.5 over this same range in r, extending nearly to the edge of the distribution. This behavior may indicate either a scale-free distribution with an unusually low correlation dimension or a two-component (not scale-free) combination of cluster and field stars.