A photometric search for planets in the open cluster NGC 7086.
ROSVICK J.M. and ROBB R.
Abstract (from CDS):
In an attempt to discover short-period, Jupiter-mass planets orbiting solar-type stars in open clusters, we searched for planetary transits in the populous and relatively unstudied open cluster NGC 7086. A color-magnitude diagram constructed from new B and V photometry is presented, along with revised estimates of the cluster's color excess, distance modulus, and age. Several turnoff stars were observed spectroscopically in order to determine a color excess of E(B-V)=0.83±0.02. Empirically fitting the main sequences of two young open clusters and the semiempirical zero-age main sequence of Vandenberg and Poll yielded a distance modulus of (V-MV)=13.4±0.3 mag. This corresponds to a true distance modulus of (m-M)0=10.8 mag or a distance of 1.5 kpc to NGC 7086. These values were used with isochrones from the Padova group to obtain a cluster age of 100 Myr. Eleven nights of R-band photometry were used to search for planetary transits. Differential magnitudes were constructed for each star in the cluster. Light curves for each star were produced on a night-to-night basis and inspected for variability. No planetary transits were apparent; however, some interesting variable stars were discovered: a pulsating variable that appears to be a member of the γ Dor class and four possible eclipsing binary stars, one of which actually may be a multiple system.
Stars: Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram - open clusters and associations: individual (NGC 7086) - Stars: Planetary Systems - Stars: Variables: Other