Discovery of an SX Phoenicis type pulsating component in the Algol-type semidetached eclipsing binary QU Sagittae in M71.
JEON Y.-B., KIM S.-L., LEE M.G., LEE H. and LEE J.W.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of an SX Phoenicis type pulsating component in the Algol-type semidetached eclipsing binary QU Sge, in the metal-rich globular cluster M71. QU Sge is only about 80" from the center of M71 and is located in the blue straggler region in the color-magnitude diagram of M71. It is considered to be a probable member of M71, with a membership probability greater than 60% deduced from a proper-motion study in the literature. From time-series CCD photometry, we find that QU Sge has an orbital period of 3.790818 days and a primary minimum depth of ΔV=1.333 mag. The eclipsing light curve solution shows that QU Sge has a semidetached binary configuration with the secondary component fully filling its Roche lobe. After subtracting the eclipses from the light curve, we discover an SX Phoenicis type pulsation feature. It is found to have a short period of about 0.03 days and a small amplitude of about 0.024 mag. This is the first eclipsing binary system in a globular cluster to exhibit a pulsating feature. This result supports the model in which the origin of some blue stragglers in globular clusters is mass transfer between two components in the primordial binary systems.