Astrophys. J., 645, 395-415 (2006/July-1)
Dust processing in disks around T Tauri stars.
SARGENT B., FORREST W.J., D'ALESSIO P., LI A., NAJITA J., WATSON D.M., CALVET N., FURLAN E., GREEN J.D., KIM K.H., SLOAN G.C., CHEN C.H., HARTMANN L. and HOUCK J.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
The 8-14 µm emission spectra of 12 T Tauri stars in the Taurus/Auriga dark clouds and in the TW Hydrae association obtained with the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on board Spitzer are analyzed. Assuming that the 10 µm features originate from silicate grains in the optically thin surface layers of T Tauri disks, the 8-14 µm dust emissivity for each object is derived from its Spitzer spectrum. The emissivities are fit with the opacities of laboratory analogs of cosmic dust. The fits include small nonspherical grains of amorphous silicates (pyroxene and olivine), crystalline silicates (forsterite and pyroxene), and quartz, together with large fluffy amorphous silicate grains. A wide range in the fraction of crystalline silicate grains, as well as large silicate grains among these stars, are found. The dust in the transitional-disk objects CoKu Tau/4, GM Aur, and DM Tau has the simplest form of silicates, with almost no hint of crystalline components and modest amounts of large grains. This indicates that the dust grains in these objects have been modified little from their origin in the interstellar medium. Other stars show various amounts of crystalline silicates, similar to the wide dispersion of the degree of crystallinity reported for Herbig Ae/Be stars of mass <2.5 M☉. Late spectral type, low-mass stars can have significant fractions of crystalline silicate grains. Higher quartz mass fractions often accompany low amorphous olivine to amorphous pyroxene ratios. Lower contrast of the 10 µm feature accompanies greater crystallinity.
Stars: Circumstellar Matter - Infrared: Stars - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence
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