Astrophys. J., 646, 1024-1037 (2006/August-1)
Subaru/COMICS study on silicate dust processing around young low-mass stars.
HONDA M., KATAZA H., OKAMOTO Y.K., YAMASHITA T., MIN M., MIYATA T., SAKO S., FUJIYOSHI T., SAKON I. and ONAKA T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have obtained 8-13 µm spectra of 30 young (1-10 Myr) low-mass pre-main-sequence stars using COMICS on the 8.2 m Subaru Telescope to examine dust evolution in protoplanetary disks. Most spectra show silicate emission features of various strengths and shapes, indicative of dust processing during the different stages of protoplanetary disk evolution. We have analyzed the observed silicate emission features using a simple model previously applied to the more massive and luminous Herbig Ae/Be systems. We determined the feature strength and shape and derived the composition and typical size of the silicate dust grains. We confirm the previously reported dependency of the silicate feature strength and shape on the grain size of the amorphous silicate dust. We examine the relation between the derived dust properties and stellar and circumstellar disk parameters, such as systemic age, luminosity of Hα (LHα), disk mass, and opacity power-law index β at radio wavelengths. A possible relation is found between silicate feature strength (grain size indicator) and the LHα, which may be an indicator of accretion activity. It implies that the turbulence induced by accretion activity may be important for grain size evolution in the disk. No clear correlation between the crystallinity and the stellar/disk parameters is found. We find that on average 5%-20% in mass of the silicate dust grains is in crystalline form, irrespective of systemic age. This latter finding supports the idea that crystalline silicate is formed at an early evolutionary phase, probably at the protostellar phase, and is remaining during the later stages.
Stars: Circumstellar Matter - ISM: Dust, Extinction - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence
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