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2006ApJ...651..444G - Astrophys. J., 651, 444-461 (2006/November-1)

A survey of chromospheric activity in the solar-type stars in the open cluster M 67.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present the results of a spectroscopic survey of the Ca II H and K core strengths in a sample of 60 solar-type stars that are members of the solar-age and solar-metallicity open cluster M67. We adopt the HK index, defined as the summed H+K core strengths in 1 Å bandpasses centered on the H and K lines, respectively, as a measure of the chromospheric activity that is present. We compare the distribution of mean HK index values for the M67 solar-type stars with the variation of this index as measured for the Sun during the contemporary solar cycle. We find that the stellar distribution in our HK index is broader than that for the solar cycle. Approximately 17% of the M67 Sun-like stars exhibit average HK indices that are less than solar minimum. About 7%-12% are characterized by relatively high activity in excess of solar maximum values, while 72%-80% of the solar analogs exhibit Ca II H+K strengths within the range of the modern solar cycle. The ranges given reflect uncertainties in the most representative value of the maximum in the HK index to adopt for the solar cycle variations observed during the period AD 1976-2004. Thus, ∼20%-30% of our homogeneous sample of Sun-like stars have mean chromospheric H+K strengths that are outside the range of the contemporary solar cycle. Any cycle-like variability that is present in the M67 solar-type stars appears to be characterized by periods greater than ∼6 yr. Finally, we estimate a mean chromospheric age for M67 in the range of 3.8-4.3 Gyr.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: Messier Number: M67 - open clusters and associations: individual (NGC 2682) - Stars: Activity - Stars: Chromospheres - Sun: Activity

Simbad objects: 74

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