Astrophys. J., 651, 713-727 (2006/November-2)
Rest-frame optical spectroscopic classifications for submillimeter galaxies.
TAKATA T., SEKIGUCHI K., SMAIL I., CHAPMAN S.C., GEACH J.E., SWINBANK A.M., BLAIN A. and IVISON R.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the results of a systematic near-IR spectroscopic survey using the Subaru, VLT, and Keck Telescopes of a sample of high-redshift ULIRGs mainly composed of submillimeter-selected galaxies. Our observations span the rest-frame optical range containing nebular emission lines such as Hβ, [O III] λλ4959, 5007, and [O II] λ3727, which are essential for making robust diagnostics of the physical properties. Using the Hα/Hβ emission line ratios, we derive internal extinction estimates for these galaxies similar to those of local ULIRGs: AV∼2.9±0.5. Correcting the Hα estimates of the star formation rate for dust extinction results in rates that are consistent with those estimated from the far-IR luminosity. The majority (>60%) of our sample show spectral features characteristic of AGNs (although this partially reflects an observational bias), with ∼65% exhibiting broad Balmer emission lines. A proportion of these sources show relatively low [O III] λ5007/Hβ line ratios, which are similar to those of narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies, suggesting low-mass black holes that are rapidly growing. In the subsample of our survey with both [O III] λ5007 and hard X-ray coverage, at least ∼60% show an excess of [O III] λ5007 emission, by a factor of 5-10, relative to the hard X-ray luminosity compared to the correlation between these two properties seen in Seyfert galaxies and QSOs locally. From our spectral diagnostics, we propose that the strong [O III] λ5007 emission in these galaxies arises from shocks in dense gaseous regions. Due to sensitivity and resolution limits, our sample is biased to strong-line emitters and hence our results do not yet provide a complete view of the physical properties of the whole high-redshift ULIRG population.
Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: High-Redshift - Submillimeter
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