Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 368, 1411-1428 (2006/May-3)
Flat-spectrum symmetric objects with ∼ 1kpc sizes - I. The candidates.
AUGUSTO P., GONZALEZ-SERRANO J.I., PEREZ-FOURNON I. and WILKINSON P.N.
Abstract (from CDS):
In order to understand the origin and evolution of radio galaxies, searches for the youngest such sources have been conducted. Compact symmetric objects (CSOs)/medium symmetric objects (MSOs) are thought to be the earliest stages of radio sources, with possible ages of ≲103yr for CSOs (<1kpc in size) and 104-105yr for MSOs (1-15kpc). From a literature selection in heterogeneous surveys, we have established a sample of 37 confirmed CSOs. In addition, we only found three confirmed flat-spectrum MSOs in the literature. The typical CSO resides on a z ≲ 0.5 galaxy, has a flat radio spectrum (αthin< 0.5; Sν∝ ν–α), is <0.3kpc in size, has an arm length ratio ≤ 2, and well-aligned (θ ≤ 20°) opposite lobes with a flux density ratio ≤10. In order to populate the 0.3-1kpc size range (large CSOs) and also in order to find more flat-spectrum MSOs, we have built a sample of 157 radio sources with α4.851.40 < 0.5 that were resolved with the Very Large Array A configuration (VLA-A) 8.4GHz. As first results, we have `rediscovered' nine of the known CSO/MSOs while identifying two new ∼14kpc MSOs and two candidate CSO/MSOs (which only lack redshifts for final classification). We were able to reject 61 of the remaining 144 objects from literature information alone. In the series of papers that starts with this one we plan to classify the remaining 83 CSO/MSO candidates (thanks to radio and optical observations) as well as characterize the physical properties of the (likely) many 0.3-15kpc flat-spectrum CSO/MSOs to be found.
2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 RAS
galaxies: active - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: jets - galaxies: statistics - radio continuum: galaxies
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/368/1411): table4.dat table5.dat refs.dat>
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2006MNRAS.368.1411A and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu