Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 371, 55-66 (2006/September-1)
Shapley Optical Survey - II. The effect of environment on the colour-magnitude relation and galaxy colours.
HAINES C.P., MERLUZZI P., MERCURIO A., GARGIULO A., KRUSANOVA N., BUSARELLO G., LA BARBERA F. and CAPACCIOLI M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present an analysis of the effects of environment on the photometric properties of galaxies in the core of the Shapley supercluster at z = 0.05, one of the most massive structures in the local universe. The Shapley Optical Survey (SOS) comprises archive Wide Field Imager (WFI) optical imaging of a 2.0deg2 region containing the rich clusters A3556, A3558 and A3562 which demonstrate a highly complex dynamical situation including ongoing cluster mergers. The B - R/R colour-magnitude relation has an intrinsic dispersion of 0.045mag and is 0.015 ±0.005 mag redder in the highest-density regions, indicative of the red sequence galaxy population being 500-Myr older in the cluster cores than towards the virial radius. The B - R colours of galaxies are dependent on their environment, whereas their luminosities are independent of the local density, except for the very brightest galaxies (MR < -22). The global colours of faint (≳M* + 2) galaxies change from the cluster cores where ∼90 per cent of galaxies lie along the cluster red sequence to the virial radius, where the fraction has dropped to just ∼20 per cent. This suggests that processes directly related to the supercluster environment are responsible for transforming faint galaxies, rather than galaxy merging, which should be infrequent in any of the regions studied here. The largest concentrations of faint blue galaxies are found between the clusters, coincident with regions containing high fractions of ∼L* galaxies with radio emission indicating starbursts. Their location suggests star formation triggered by cluster mergers, in particular the merger of A3562 and the poor cluster SC1329-313, although they may also represent recent arrivals in the supercluster core complex. The effect of the A3562-SC1329-313 merger is also apparent as a displacement in the spatial distribution of the faint galaxy population from both the centres of X-ray emission and the brightest cluster galaxies for both systems. The cores of each of the clusters/groups are marked by regions that have the lowest blue galaxy fractions and reddest mean galaxy colours over the whole supercluster region, confirming that star formation rates are lowest in the cluster cores. In the cases of A3562 and SC1329-313, these regions coincide with the centres of X-ray emission rather than the peaks in the local surface density, indicating that ram-pressure stripping may have an important role in terminating any remnant star formation in galaxies that encounter the dense intracluster medium (ICM) of the cluster cores.
2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 RAS
galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: clusters: individual: Shapley supercluster - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: photometry
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