Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 461, 983-990 (2007/1-3)
Searching for gas-rich disks around T Tauri stars in Lupus.
VAN KEMPEN T.A., VAN DISHOECK E.F., BRINCH C. and HOGERHEIJDE M.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We characterize the molecular environment of classical T Tauri stars in Lupus observed with the Spitzer Space Telescope in our search for gas-rich disks toward these sources. Submillimeter observations of 12CO, 13CO, and C18O in the J=3-2 and 2-1 lines were obtained with the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope toward a sample of 21 T Tauri stars with disks in the Lupus molecular clouds. Pointings at the sources and at selected off-positions are presented in order to disentangle material associated with disks from ambient cloud material. One source, IM Lup (Sz 82), was found with the double-peaked 12CO and 13CO profiles characteristic of a large rotating gas disk. The inclination of the disk is found to be ∼20°, with an outer radius of 400-700AU. For most other sources, including GQ Lup with its substellar companion, the single-dish 12CO lines are dominated by extended cloud emission with a complex velocity structure. No evidence of molecular outflows is found. Due to dense circumstellar material, compact C18O emission was detected toward only two sources. Future searches for gas-rich disks in Lupus should either use interferometers or perform very deep single-dish integrations in dense gas tracers to separate the cloud and disk emission.
accretion, accretion disks - radiative transfer - methods: observational - stars: pre-main sequence - radio lines: ISM - stars: circumstellar matter