Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 463, 981-991 (2007/3-1)
Early-type stars in the core of the young open cluster Westerlund 2.
RAUW G., MANFROID J., GOSSET E., NAZE Y., SANA H., DE BECKER M., FOELLMI C. and MOFFAT A.F.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
The properties of the early-type stars in the core of the Westerlund 2
cluster are examined in order to establish a link between the cluster and the very massive Wolf-Rayet binary WR 20a
as well as the HII complex RCW49
.Photometric monitoring as well as spectroscopic observations of Westerlund 2 are used to search for light variability and to establish the spectral types of the early-type stars in the cluster core.The first light curves of the eclipsing binary WR 20a in B and V filters are analysed and a distance of 8kpc is inferred. Three additional eclipsing binaries, which are probable late O or early B-type cluster members, are discovered, but none of the known early O-type stars in the cluster displays significant photometric variability above 1% at the 1-σ level. The twelve brightest O-type stars are found to have spectral types between O3 and O6.5, significantly earlier than previously thought.The distance of the early-type stars in Westerlund 2 is established to be in excellent agreement with the distance of WR 20a, indicating that WR 20a actually belongs to the cluster. Our best estimate of the cluster distance thus amounts to 8.0±1.4kpc. Despite the earlier spectral types, the currently known population of early-type stars in Westerlund 2 does not provide enough ionizing photons to account for the radio emission of the RCW49 complex. This suggests that there might still exist a number of embedded early O-stars in RCW49.
Galaxy: open clusters and associations: individual: Westerlund 2 - stars: early-type - stars: binaries: eclipsing - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: individual: WR 20a
Table 4: [RMG2007] JHHMMSS.s+DDMMSS.s N=1073.
Status at CDS:
could be processed
// All or part of tables of objects could be ingested in SIMBAD with priority 2.
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